References

Brush, S. B., 1994, Providing Farmers' Rights through in situ conservation of crop genetic resources, Background Study Paper No. 3, CGRFA-FAO.

Chevassis, S., Weiseil, R., 2001, Nutritional value of some of the crops under discussion in the development of a Multilateral System, Background Study Paper No. 11, CGRFA-FAO.

Correa, C.M., 1999, Access to plant genetic resources and intellectual property rights, Background Study Paper No. 8, CGRFA-FAO.

Correa, C.M., 1994, Sovereign and property rights over plant genetic resources, Background Study Paper No. 2, CGRFA-FAO.

Cunningham, E.P., 1999, Recent developments in biotechnology as they relate to animal genetic resources for food and agriculture, Background Study Paper No. 10, CGRFA-FAO.

Esquinas-Alcázar, J. T., 1993, Plant genetic resources, in Plant Breeding: Principles and Prospects, M. D. Hayward, N. O. Bosemark, and I. Romagosa, eds., Chapman and Hall, London.

Esquinas-Alcázar, J. T., 1983, Los Recursos Fitogenéticos: Una Inversión Segura Para el Futur, INIA, Madrid.

FAO, 1991, Biotechnology and plant genetic resources and elements of a code of conduct for biotechnology, CPGR 91/12, FAO.

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20. International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture 451 Appendix 1: Cultivated plants and their regions of diversity14

20. International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture 451 Appendix 1: Cultivated plants and their regions of diversity14

1. Chinese-Japanese Region:

- Proso millet, foxtail millet, naked oat

- Soybean, adzuki bean

- Leafy mustard

- Orangdcitrus, peach, apricot, litchi

- Bamboo, ramie, tung oil tree, tea

2. Indochinese-Indonesian Region:

- Rice bean, winged bean

- Cucurbits/ash gourd

- Mango, banana, rambutan, durian, bread fruit, citrusl\\ms, grapefruit

- Bamboos, nutmeg, clove, sago palm, ginger, taros and yams, betel nut, coconut

3. Australian Region:

- Eucalyptus, acacia, macadamia nut

14 Esquinas-Alcázar (1993; based on Zeven and Zhukovsk, 1975, and Zeven and de Wet, 1982).

4. Hindustani Region:

- Rice, little millet

- Black gram, green gram, moth bean, rice bean, Dolichos bean, pigeon pea, cowpea, chickpea, horse gram, jute

- Eggplant, okra, cucumber, leafy mustard, rat's tail radish, taros and yams

- Citrus, banana, mango, sunn hemp, tree cotton

- Sesame, ginger, turmeric, cardamom, Arecanut, sugarcane, black pepper, indigo

5. Central Asian Region:

- Wheat (bread/club/shot), rye

- Allium!onion, garlic, spinach, peas, beetroot, faba bean

- Lentil, chickpea

- Apricot, plum, pear, apple, walnut, almond, pistachio, melon, grape, carrot, radish

- Hemp/cannabis, sesame, flax, safflower

6. Near Eastern Region:

- Wheat (Einkorn, durum, poulard, bread), barley, rydSecale

- Faba bean, chickpea, French bean, lentil, pea

- Brassica oleracea, allium, melon, grape, plum, pear, apple, apricot, pistachio, fig, pomegranate, almond

- Safflower, sesame, flax

- Lupin, medics

7. Mediterranean Region:

- Wheat (durum, turgidum), oats

- Brassica oleracea, lettuce, beetroot, colza

- Faba bean, radish

- Olive, Trifoliumlberseem, lupin, Crocus, grape, fennel, cumin, celery, linseed

8. African Region:

- African rice, sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, teff

- Cowpea, bottle gourd, okra, yams, cucumber

- Castor bean, sesame, niger, oil palm, safflower, flax

- Cotton, kenaf, coffee

- Kola, Bambara groundnut, date palm, Ensete, melons

9. European-Siberian Region:

- Peach, pear, plum, apricot, apple, almond, walnut, pistachio, cherry

- Cannabis, mustard (black), chicory, hops, lettuce

10. South American Region:

- Potato, sweet potato, xanthosoma

- Lima bean, amaranth, chenopodium, cucurbita, tomato, tobacco, lupin

- Papaya, pineapple

- Groundnut, sea island cotton

- Cassava, cacao, rubber tree, passion fruit

11. Central American and Mexican Region:

- Maize, French bean, potato, cucurbita, pepper/chili, amaranth, chenopodium, tobacco, sisal hemp, upland cotton

12. North American Region:

- Jerusalem artichoke, sunflower, plum, raspberry, strawberry

Appendix 2: Percentages of regional food crop production15 accounted for by crops associated with different regions of diversity

Regions of diversity

Regions of Production

Chino-Japanese

IndoChinese

Australian

Hindustanean

West Central

Mediterranean

African

Euro-Siberian

Latin American

Dependenc

Chino-Japanese

+1 0

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