Fillister Plane

What if the rabbet plane did have a fence that could be set to control the width of the cut? What if it had a depth stop as well, and perhaps a little vertical blade to sever cross-grain before the skewed iron shears it out? This is the moving fillister, and many woodworkers get more use out of it than out of almost any other plane.

The fence on the moving fillister is held to the sole of the plane by two screws and will reveal only as much of the iron as needed for the width of the cut. The depth stop is always handy, but it's wiser to work to gauge lines rather than rely on stops. A gauge can always fence in from the face side, but a stop works only on the side you're planing—and that may be the back side.

The fillister can cut a rabbet down the edge of a board, and across its end as well. Across-the-grain cutting requires two kinds of blades, one vertical and one horizontal. Auger bits have downward cutting spurs to make a smooth cut, and the big crosscut saw has paired vertical cutting teeth followed by rakers. For cross-grain rabbets, you could score the cross-grain with a cutting gauge, a gauge fitted with a blade instead of a scribing point. A straightedge and knife would do as well, but the fillister makes it easy. The fillister plane has a little vertical knife blade called the spur or nicker set just ahead of the plane iron, and just a hair deeper and farther onto the wood. The nicker cuts first, severing cross-grain fibers just deep enough so the plane iron can shear them out without tearing. Just make the first stroke backward across the far corner to ensure that the nicker is deep enough, and then plane away.

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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