Notches

V-notching will work in round logs, but it is most often used with logs hewn flat on at least two sides. Get the log up on the building where it is to go and mark its thickness on the two logs that it rests on. Roll the log back out of the way and cut the V-points on both of the bottom logs. Because the notches are custom fitted to the points, you can cut the V-points by eye with a hand axe. Two facets of the V-point make an angle with one another, from 90 to 120 degrees. Alternate your chopping on the shoulders and the facets, finishing off by pushing the flat of your hand axe across the facets like a broad chisel.

Now roll the top log back into place. See how far it needs to sink by checking the gap between the logs. You can scribe this gap upward from the lower facets with dividers, but if the facets are symmetrical and equally inclined, a framing square or a board with parallel sides works better. Hold the parallel guide on a facet and draw a line along the guide's opposite edge. Repeat this on the other facet, and the two lines will intersect directly above the apex of the V-point. Add more parallel lines to this upside down V until you reach the depth that you want the upper log to sink.

Repeat this upward scribing on the back face of the log and on the far end, and you have the outline of the notches. Roll the log over and go at it with your axe. When you have chopped down to the line, roll the log back into place and see how it fits. Make any adjustments and move on to the next log.

Diamond notching is a variant of the V-notch used in both hewn and round logs. Just like baseball diamonds, the ends are square but turned at 45 degrees to our perspective. Hew just the ends of the logs square, before laying up the

Trim flush with a timber saw.
A single slope set in alternating directions adds up to half-dovetail notching.
The oblique slopes of full dovetail notching require more precise layout.

walls, keeping the faces in the same plane at both ends. The top of the diamond forms the point of the V. You lay out and chop the V-socket in the undersides of the upper log just as with the standard V-notch.

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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