as major tools to increase productivity and efficiency in food processing in future (Garza and Stover, 2003). On the other hand, an intensive public debate is carried out globally concerning the safety of these approaches and the derived novel foods, as well as their socio-economic impacts (Otsuka, 2003). Critics of genetic engineering see the potential of this technology to harm the environment and human or animal health. In addition, the wider impacts of the use of genetic engineering in the agro-food sector on society as a whole are often questioned in the public debate (Menrad et al., 2003).

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