The balance of IP rights against other norms under TRIPS-plus agreements is of potentially much greater concern than present conflicts between TRIPS and other international agreements. These agreements tend to be bilateral or regional, negotiated by an industrialized country, such as the USA or EU and require more protection than TRIPS, or adherence to TRIPS under a faster timeline. The increased rights generally coincide with a reduced opportunity to accommodate other social policy norms, such that the tensions discussed earlier are exacerbated. A number of WTO members are already parties to TRIPS-plus agreements, with more likely to sign such agreements as a result of pending negotiations (GRAIN, 2003a; Vivas Eugui, 2003, p. 7).
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