References

Alston, J. and Venner, R. (2002) The effects of the US Plant Variety Protection Act on wheat genetic improvement. Research Policy 31, 527-542.

Domingo, O.A. (2003) Intellectual property management in the development of a medium-sized Argentinean seed company. WIPO-UPOV symposium on intellectual property rights in plant biotechnology, WIPO-UPOV/SYM/03/13, 7 October.

Fernandez-Cornejo, J. (2004) The seed industry in US agriculture: an exploration of data and information on crop seed markets, regulation, industry structure, and research and development. US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 786, Washington, DC.

Frisvold, G., Sullivan, J. and Raneses, A. (2003) Genetic improvements in major US crops: the size and distribution of benefits. Agricultural Economics 28, 109-119.

GAO (United States General Accounting Office) (2000) Biotechnology: information on prices of genetically modified seeds in the United States and Argentina (GAO/ RCED/NSIAD-00-55). Report to the chairman, Subcommittee on Risk Management, Research and Specialty Crops, Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives.

Goldsmith, P. (2001) Innovation, supply chain control and the welfare of farmers. American Behavioral Scientist 44, 1302-1326.

Goldsmith, P., Ramos, G. and Steiger, C. (2002) Intellectual property protection and the international marketing of agricultural biotechnology: firm and host country impacts (working paper). University of Illinois, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois.

Instituto Nacional de la Semilla (INASE). Available at: http://www.mecon.gov.ar

Janis, M. and Kesan, J. (2002) US plant variety protection: sound and fury...? Houston Law Review 39(3), 727-778.

Kesan, J. (2000) Intellectual property protection and agricultural biotechnology: a multidisciplinary perspective. American Behavioral Scientist 44(3), 465-466.

Kesan, J. and Janis, M. (2001) Weed-free IP: the Supreme Court, intellectual property interfaces, and the problem of plants. Illinois public law and legal theory research paper No. 00-07, November. Available at: http://www.ssrn.com (Social Science Research Network).

Lesser, W. (1998) Intellectual property rights and concentration in agricultural biotechnology. AgBioForum 2(1), 61-64. Moschini, G. (2001) Economic benefits and costs of biotechnology innovations in agriculture. Working paper 01-WP 264. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. Moschini, G. and Lapan, H. (1997) Intellectual property rights and the welfare effects of agricultural R&D. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 79, 1229-1242. Pirovano, F. (2004) Argentina planting seeds annual. Gain report. USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, Washington, DC. RAFI (Rural Advance Foundation International) (1999) World seed conference: shrinking club of industrial giants gather for wake or pep rally? RAFI News Release, September 1999. Available at: http://www.rafi.org Rapela, M.A. (2000) Derechos de propiedad intelectual en vegetales superiores. Ciudad Argentina, Buenos Aires. Rohrbach, D., Minde, I. and Howard, J. (2003) Looking beyond national boundaries: regional harmonization of seed policies, laws and regulations. Food Policy 28, 317-333. SAGyP (Secretaria de Agricultura y Pesca de la

Nacion). Available at: www.mecon.gov.ar SAGyP (Secretaria de Agricultura, Ganaderia y Pesca). Law 20.247/73. Available at: http:// www.mecon.gov.ar Schnepf, R.D., Dohlman, E.N. and Bolling, C. (2001) Agriculture in Brazil and Argentina. Developments and prospects for major field crops. Market and Trade Economics Division, US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Agriculture and Trade Report No. WRS-01-3, November. Swanson, T. and Goschl, T. (2000) Property rights issues involving plant genetic resources: implications of ownership for economic efficiency. Ecological Economics 32, 75-92.

The Regulatory Regime and Its Impact on Innovation Activities in Agro-food Biotechnology in the EU and USA

K. Menrad

University of Applied Sciences of Weihenstephan, Wissenschaftszentrum Straubing, Germany

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment