The Role Of Government

The consensus on the appropriate role of government in the agricultural economy has shifted over time toward less direct management of economic activities and fewer controls on prices and quantities of factors and outputs. Although the concept of 'market failure' in the private sector has long been recognized in economics, the awareness of 'government failure' is now much greater than before. Much of government failure can be attributed to inappropriate institutional incentives and weak fiscal...

Objectives Of Land Tenure Policies

The broad objectives of land tenure policies are not essentially different to those which guide the formulation of policies for any resource or sector, but historically the discussions of the subject have placed particular emphasis on the two overriding goals of economic efficiency and equity and poverty alleviation. In addition, environmental and institutional sustainability are concerns of increasing importance in developing such policies. In the context of land use, efficiency has short-run,...

Illustrations of New Trends in Agricultural Extension

In short, a wide range of approaches to extension, characterized by a greater role for non-governmental entities and greater emphasis on farmer participation, has proven to be effective in developing countries. In the case of Thailand, as another example, the private sector has been credited with the successful dissemination of new varieties of cassava. A microcosm of these new trends is found in the case of Bangladesh, as presented by Antholt, citing work by Chowdhury and Gilbert 138...