Water Management Policies in Agriculture1

6.1 Introduction 197

6.2 Policy Objectives for the Irrigation Sector 203

6.3 Strategic Planning for Irrigation as Part of Water Resource Management 207

6.4 Strategic Issues in Irrigation Development 211

6.4.1 National Policies for Agricultural Development 211

6.4.2 Intersectoral Water Policy 212

6.4.3 Irrigation Rehabilitation versus

New Systems 213

6.4.4 Types of Irrigation Systems 216

6.5 Principal Policy Issues in the Irrigation

Sector 223

6.5.1 Instruments for Managing Water Demand 223

6.5.2 The Pricing of Irrigation Water: Preliminary Considerations 226

6.5.3 The Pricing of Irrigation Water: Conceptual Issues 227

6.5.4 Irrigation Pricing Systems 232

6.5.5 Water Rights Markets:

An Introduction 236

6.5.6 Issues in Water Rights Markets 239

6.5.7 Potentials and Prerequisites of Water Rights Markets 247

6.6 Institutional and Process Issues in Water Management 248

6.6.1 Sector-Wide Institutional Issues 248

6.6.2 The Benefits of Local Water Management 255

6.6.3 Forms of Local Irrigation Management 260

6.6.4 Organizing WUAs 264

6.6.5 Gender Issues in Irrigation 268 6.7 Irrigation as a Tool of Rural Development 269 Discussion Points for Chapter 6 271

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