From earliest times there was a need to mark and describe the boundaries of parcels of land. It is recorded that in about 1400 B.C. Egypt developed a system to reestablish land boundaries after each flood. The need to accurately establish and describe land boundaries has persisted to this day. To transfer ownership one must be able to describe what land is being considered, and where it is located. In the United States, a unique description for each parcel of land is required to collect property taxes. Three primary systems are used in the United States to define land boundaries and locations. These are metes and bounds, block and lot, and the Public Land Survey System (PLSS) commonly called the rectangular systems.

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