The farmer's first interest is to provide for the family livelihood. Farming, though, is no longer just growing crops, raising livestock, and gaining an income. Population growth and environmental hazards ask for solutions relating to food security and management of the natural environment. These are issues directly related to agriculture on both global and local levels.
To meet future challenges of food security, further development of agriculture is necessary. This is not only development in the sense of increasing the agricultural output, but also in the responsible use of natural resources. A responsible use of the natural resources is important because of the dependence of agriculture on these resources. Human innovations such as chemical fertilizers cannot totally replace the natural basis. This means that the natural environment should be treated or managed in such way that the future of farming is secured. Food security is not only a matter of quantity, but also of continuity.
Agriculture thus is forced to find a balance between development and conservation. On a global level, this means the gathering and distribution of knowledge about how to reach this balance. The support of developing countries by industrialized countries is important to achieve this goal. On the local level, this means that existing possibilities for improving farming conditions should be used to achieve a responsible management of the countryside values.
Was this article helpful?