Mediterranean agriculture is found in the areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea and in areas with a similar climate, characterized by mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers . There are four land-use patterns that characterize the traditional Mediterranean farming system :
• extensive wheat cultivation;
• extensive grazing by sheep and goats;
• cultivation of tree crops such as olives and figs, grapes, and date palms;
• cultivation of fruits and vegetables, with apples, peaches, and pears as most important fruit crops and potatoes, tomatoes, lettuce, onions, cauliflower, and peas as most important vegetables.
Intensification and specialization has partly changed the Mediterranean agricultural system, with olive and grapes becoming the most important crops.
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