Plantations are large-scale tropical and subtropical crop production systems, specializing in one or two crops. Typical crops are rubber, coconuts, oil palm, sisal, cacao, coffee, bananas, tea, cotton, jute, tobacco and groundnuts . The plantation system origined during early European colonization of North and South America and was exploited with slaves. After abolition of slavery, many large plantations broke down or were split up. Now, most plantation crops are grown by smallholders or corporations.
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