Implementation is a step of a totally different nature than the other steps, but because the objective of the land-use planning process is to identify and put into practice beneficial land-use changes, it is considered a part of the whole process. Implementation involves a
Table 2.3. Example of contents of a land-use plan report
• Highlights of problems, recommendations, and the main reason for these recommendations. Introduction
• Long-term goals for the planning area and the purpose of the plan.
• Relationship to other documents; briefly describes legislation and any higher-level plans as well as local plans that are related to this plan.
• Description of the planning area; brief overview of location, area, population, land resources, current land use and production.
Management problems and opportunities
• Statement of land-use problem and opportunities.
• Rationale for the selected option.
• Summary of the changes the plan will bring about, by subject area or geographical area. Direction
• List of land-use types standards that apply to the whole planning area and to individual planning units.
• Identification of projects, illustrated with maps and diagrams.
• Timescale for action.
Monitoring and revision
• Description of procedure for reviewing progress and revising the plan. Work plan for implementation
• List of individual project with details of location, time, resources required, and responsibility for implementation.
• supporting information:
— physical environment, planning units, agroclimate, and soil data
— population, settlement, infrastructure, tenure
— present land use
— land-use types and land requirements
— land suitability
— economic projections a Until the plan has been approved by the decisionmaker, it is a "proposed land-use plan." Source: .
wide range of practical activities, many of which lie beyond the scope of this overview of the land-use planning steps. The following implementation strategies refer specially to the roles that the planning team may undertake. Depending on the level of planning, the team has different roles. On the national level, it supplies information to the government as a basis for decisions. At the local level, the planning team may draw up detailed plans for implementation while leaving other agencies to put the plan into action. The focus of the planning team could be:
• Ensure that the changes and measures recommended in the plan are correctly understood and put into practice. Be available for technical consultations. Discuss with implementing agencies any suggested modifications.
• Help to maintain communications among all people and institutions participating in or affected by the plan, i.e., land users, sectoral agencies, governments, nongovernmental organizations, commercial organizations. A part of this is also the explanation of the land-use situation and plan to the media, at public meetings, and in schools.
• Assist in coordination of the activities of the implementing agencies.
• Assist in institution building by strenghening links between existing institutions, forming new bodies where necessary, and strengthening cooperation.
• Focus on the participation of the land users. Ensure adequate incentives.
• Organize research in association with the plan. Ensure that results from research are communicated and, where appropriate, incorporated into the plan.
• Arrange for education and training of project staff and land users.
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