Shefali Aggarwal

Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Division Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Dehra Dun

Abstract : Since the first balloon flight, the possibilities to view the earth's surface from above had opened up new vistas of opportunities for mankind. The view from above has inspired a number of technological developments that offer a wide-range of techniques to observe the phenomena on the earth's surface, under oceans, and underneath the surface of the earth. While the first imagery used for remote sensing came from balloons and later from airplanes, today the satellites or spacecraft are widely used for data collection. The uniqueness of satellite remote sensing lies in its ability to provide a synoptic view of the earth's surface and to detect features at electromagnetic wavelengths, which are not visible to the human eye. Data from satellite images can show larger areas than aerial survey data and, as a satellite regularly passes over the same area capturing new data each time, changes in the land use /land cover can be periodically monitored.

In order to use remotely sensed data, the user has to understand the characteristics of the system being used. The most important system characteristic the user has to understand is resolution. Resolution is measured in four ways, spatial, spectral, radiometric and temporal. The article describes the characteristics of satellite orbits and sensor systems, data capturing mechanisms and then highlights some of the commercially available satellites and future missions to be undertaken.

0 0

Post a comment