VK Dadhwal

Crop Inventory and Modelling Division, ARG Space Applications Centre (ISRO) Ahmedabad

Abstract: Crop growth and productivity are determined by a large number of weather, soil and management variables, which vary significantly across space. Remote Sensing (RS) data, acquired repetitively over agricultural land help in identification and mapping of crops and also in assessing crop vigour. As RS data and techniques have improved, the initial efforts that directly related RS-derived vegetation indices (VI) to crop yield have been replaced by approaches that involve retrieved biophysical quantities from RS data. Thus, crop simulation models (CSM) that have been successful in field-scale applications are being adapted in a GIS framework to model and monitor crop growth with remote sensing inputs making assessments sensitive to seasonal weather factors, local variability and crop management signals. The RS data can provide information of crop environment, crop distribution, leaf area index (LAI), and crop phenology. This information is integrated in CSM, in a number of ways such as use as direct forcing variable, use for re-calibrating specific parameters, or use simulation-observation differences in a variable to correct yield prediction. A number of case studies that demonstrated such use of RS data and demonstrated applications of CSM-RS linkage are presented.

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