Rural development statistics

These are a relatively new domain and can be seen as a consequence of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, which accords great importance to rural development. Eurostat has started collecting indicators for a wide range of subjects - such as demography (migration), economy (human capital), accessibility to services (infrastructure), social well-being - from almost all member states at regional level. Most of the indicators are not of a technical agricultural nature. Data collected cover predominantly rural, significantly rural and predominantly urban areas according to the OECD typology.

The UN Committee of Experts on Environmental-Economic Accounting, in cooperation with the London Group, is preparing the revision of the System of Economic and Environmental Accounting. Many UNECE countries are involved in this process. The objective is to provide a framework that allows the development of indicators for monitoring and directing policy decisions where economy and environment are interlinked. Agricultural and forest accounting are strongly related to this system and very well established. This development of integrated accounting is considered one of the most useful developments towards a single consistent statistical framework for agriculture and the environment. Sustainability of ecosystems is also related to these topics. The developments in this domain, mainly initiated by the European Environmental Agency, are at an early stage of development.

The overview given in this section is far from exhaustive. In general, however, it reflects the main agricultural statistics in the UNECE region. Smaller data collections on endangered species, home farming and ornamental aquaculture - which might be useful in a full description of the situation in a specific country - have not been included.

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