Adoption and diffusion of aflatoxin control methods

A number of approaches have been developed and tested for technical and economic feasibility for the management of aflatoxin contamination, but no single approach has been fully successful. Control measures include awareness and information campaigns aimed at producers and consumers on the health risks and economic losses associated with aflatoxin contaminated diets and products (James et al., 2007). Farmer field forums also may be organized for building capacity in the use of cost effective and simple techniques like early harvesting, rapid drying, sorting, sanitation, use of improved storage structures, the use of botanicals and low risk pesticide in storage fumigation, biological control, the use of resistant varieties, fungicides and preservatives against fungal growth, and detoxification of my-cotoxin contaminated grains. Most of these technologies are cost effective, do not require large capital investments and can yield high returns in controlling aflatoxin contamination (Mbaye, 2004). There is a need for locally-developed methods for adaptability and cost effectiveness. Simple transfer of aflatoxin control techniques from developed countries to Sub-Saharan African countries may not work because of the differences in food systems and infrastructure (Williams et al., 2004).

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