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1For the purpose of the application of maximum levels for deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, T-2 and HT-2 toxins established in points 1 and 2, rice is not included in "cereals" and rice products are not included in "cereal products". 2The maximum level applies to unprocessed cereals placed on the market for first-stage processing. "First-stage processing" shall mean any physical or thermal treatment, other than drying, of or on the grain. Cleaning, sorting and drying procedures are not considered to be "first-stage processing" insofar no physical action is exerted on the grain kernel itself and the whole grain remains intact after cleaning and sorting. In integrated production and processing systems, the maximum level applies to the unprocessed cereals in case they are intended for first-stage processing. 3The exemption applies only for maize for which it is evident e.g. through labeling, destination, that it is intended for use in a wet milling process only (starch production). 4Maximum level applies from 1 October 2007. 5Pasta (dry) means pasta with a water content of approximately 12%. 6The maximum level refers to the dry matter.

General provisions

The maximum levels are relative to a feed with a moisture content of 12%. Maximum levels for aflatoxin B1

The Scientific Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain of the EFSA expressed on 3 February 2004 an opinion relating to aflatoxin B1 as an undesirable substance in animal feeds (31). The EFSA Panel concluded that the carry-over of aflatoxins in feedstuffs to milk from animals exposed to maximally contaminated, albeit in compliance with the levels set for feed materials, could result in the milk obtained from high-yielding dairy cows and other milk-producing animals including small ruminants, buffalo and camels, containing aflatox-in M1 at levels exceeding the present statutory limits. Surveys conducted by various EU

Member States, however, revealed a very low incidence of milk samples that did not comply with the current EU regulations. Given the present agricultural practices and the possibility that aflatoxin B1 is present in staple feeds grown in Europe, the monitoring activity of aflatoxin Mi in milk should be intensified and expanded to consumable milk from animal species other than dairy cows.

Based on the conclusions of the EFSA Panel, the Committee agreed on the following conclusions at its meeting on 29 April 2004 (32):

• To continue and possible intensify monitoring aflatoxin Bi in feed materials, both imported and produced domestically. Aflatoxin Bi content in compound feeds intended for dairy animals other than dairy cows also should be controlled.

• For food controls, the control of aflatoxin Mi in milk should be focused on milk at the farm level and the monitoring of milk should be expanded to milk and milk products from dairy animals other than dairy cows.

• As the Scientific Panel concluded that the current maximum levels of aflatoxin Bi in animal feeds provided adequate protection from adverse health effects in target animal species and seemed to successfully prevent undesirable concentrations of aflatoxin Mi in milk, there was no need to modify the current maximum levels for aflatoxin Bi (Table 5) in the Annex to Directive 2002/32/EC on undesirable substances in animal feed.

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