Present stakeholders

In broad terms the present stakeholders are: Trade related

The present concerns of developing countries in relation to aflatoxin are those associated with international trade. Countries and politicians are focused on the trade consequences of Codex Alimentarius, but neglect the fact that foods that are rejected in developed countries are consumed regularly by their own populations. The World Bank analyses have focused on this issue, but have not sought to quantify the health cost. For peanuts, the trade cost is based on only a very small portion of the total production. The FAO statistics database indicates that only 230,000 t of whole peanut from the 37 million tons of the peanut produced are involved in formal cross border trade (FAO, 2005). Our data show that there is little economic gain for investing in management practices that decrease the aflatoxin contamination in foods consumed in developing countries. Thus, there is little price incentive to change the contamination levels in peanuts.

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