Behavioral Modification

Operant methods and aversion therapy are found in this class. Reinforcement and punishment contingencies can be used to enhance program compliance, but the ultimate impact on addictive behavior depends on the effectiveness of the program itself (16).

The principle of aversion therapy is to produce an aversive reaction to alcohol by establishing a conditioned response in an individual. Ingestion of alcohol is paired with a negative stimulus to produce an automatic negative response when exposed to alcohol alone. The four major types of aversive stimuli are nausea, apnea, electric shock, and imagery. A large body of research demonstrates effectiveness for several months but not in the long run (17).

0 0

Post a comment