Raising poultry at home is common in low-income countries. Studies demonstrate that proximity to free-range domestic poultry increases children's risk of infection with diarrhea-causing organisms such as Campylobacter jejuni. Corralling might reduce the risk, but research on the socioeconomic acceptability of corralling is lacking. Many people report that home-grown poultry and eggs taste better and are more nutritious. They enjoy living around animals and want to teach their children about raising animals. To prevent theft, some residents shut their birds in provisional enclosures at night but allege that birds are healthier, happier, and produce better meat and eggs when let loose by day. Many rural peoples view bird feces in the house and yard as dirty, but few see a connection to illness. Residents consider chicks and ducklings more innocuous than adult birds and are more likely to allow them inside the house and permit children to play with them. Additional food and water costs with corralling are a significant obstacle for some. Adequate space and corral hygiene must also be addressed to make this intervention viable. Developing a secure, acceptable, and affordable corral remains a challenge for rural populations (33,34).
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