Drug Testing

Testing for drugs can be preemployment, routine, random, for reasonable cause, postaccident, return-to-duty, and follow-up. Preemployment tests are conducted before the applicant is accepted for a position. Routine testing may be performed at the time of an annual physical assessment or upon the anniversary of employment but is less productive because it gives the employee a chance to stop drug use in anticipation of a test. Random testing typically follows a formula to trigger the test, such as a number drawn from a hat or extracted from a random number table and matched to the year of a person's birthday or another identifier. Reasonable cause applies to situations where a supervisor, through observation and comparison to guidelines, has determined that there is reasonable cause to suspect the employee is using drugs or alcohol. Postaccident testing is done after an accident or injury and may be limited to certain levels of damage, for example, drug tests done if there is more than $10,000 in damages. Return-to-duty tests are performed when the employee returns after long absences due to health, disciplinary, or other causes. Follow-up tests are typically performed after an employee has a positive test and has entered a rehabilitation program. Testing in this mode may last for over 1 year.

0 0

Post a comment