Further Research

Recommendations through National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) specific to the prevention of upper extremity MSDs in agriculture include further research on the ergonomic impact and design of tools and equipment, such as pruning shears for nursery workers and lift handles for buckets. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health publications such as Easy Ergonomics: A Guide to Selecting Non-Powered Hand Tools and Simple Solutions: Ergonomics for Farm Workers are valuable and free resources with specific preventive recommendations. The unique conditions of agricultural work, such as variable weather, the awkward positions required by the natural positioning of produce in the field, and the physical characteristics of living or perishable product that affect work conditions, also require further research into cost-effective engineering and work-design and remain an ongoing challenge (NORA) (55,56).

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