Twelve Step Abstinence Based Approach

Pioneered by Alcohol Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA), the 12-step approach features abstinence and a self-help program of rehabilitation. While not a religion, a significant part of the program is calling upon a Supreme Being for help and guidance. Results of multiple studies have been summarized by Miller (17) as follows:

1. Of those sober less than a year, about 41% will remain in the AA Fellowship another year.

2. Of those sober less than 5 years, about 83% will remain in the Fellowship another year.

3. Of those sober 5 years or more, 91% will remain in the Fellowship another year

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