Zoonotic Diseases

With intensification of animal husbandry practices and international trade in animals and animal products, the importance of animal-borne diseases is increasingly recognized (see Chapter 29). Transmission of bacterial and par-asitological zoonoses can occur through the following:

1. Ticks, fleas, and sand flies (Chapter 30)

2. Ingestion of contaminated animal or plant products and water

3. Contact with contaminated soil

Young children on farms may be uniquely susceptible to specific zoonotic diseases due to their hand-to-mouth practices and proximity to fields, irrigation ditches, herds, and flocks (38).

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