A lot of research done in the past few decades has enabled these fungi to emerge as a potential biofertilizer, a cheap and environment friendly alternative to expensive, harmful chemical fertilizers. This aspect of an alternative to conventional route to more food grain production in a sustainable manner especially gains significance for a developing countries where judicious and large scale utilization of this technology can prove very useful for getting maximum and long-term gains in various wasteland reclamation, reforestation, and afforestation programs apart from giving a much desirable thrust in the production of important agricultural crops. The AM biofertilizer technology can be called poor man's technology. Taking into account the amount of nutrient supplied, biofertilizers are many times cheaper than chemical fertilizers. Biofertilizers improve the quality of produce. They are cheap and economical, the cost benefit ratio is more than 1: 10. It is an ecofriendly practice, improves natural characters of the soil. Uses of biofertilizers maximize ecological benefits and minimize environmental hazards. The demand of biofertilizers is increasing at a tremendous pace, which necessitates the inculcation of the more units to be established in the field to rope of the outgrowing demand potential and the challenges of fabulous future scope. Despite many lacunas in its commercialization and delivery to farmers for exploitation of its potential in agriculture, there is little doubt that AM fungi will emerge as a potential tool for improving crop plants as a promising biofertilizer. Future upgradations in the mode of the AM biofertilizer technology development, redefining the rate-limiting factors and exploration of possible AM combinations along with other potential biofertilizers together as a single package for end users might bring a major boon to agriculture sector using nature's biofertilizers.
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