In many areas of research, a better understanding of the science of the spoilage fungi and their role in deterioration of seeds has been achieved in the last decade. Certainly, the key role of spoilage molds, the conditions under which they may produce mycotoxins, early detection systems and predictions of dry matter losses, and an understanding of the complex interactions that occur in the stored seed ecosystem are better understood. In certain areas, particularly with regard to quantifying nutritional losses generally and quantifying degradation of grain components needs to be moved forward in the coming years. It is critical that such studies are linked to and correlated with other measures of quality loss of stored seeds, especially staple grains. This would enable us to realize the goal of developing realistic and accurate decision support systems for effective conservation of seeds postharvest. In the coming years we will need to build on this sound foundation in developing strategies for the prevention of spoiled grain and mycotoxins entering the human and animal food chain.
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