In view of the increasing demand for natural flavors, their production by microbial means seems to be a good preposition. The method is efficient, effective, and also economical. Monoterpene substrates like limonene and alpha-pinene, which are produced in large quantities in nature, can be used for the production of flavoring compounds of high value. The product yields obtained are high enough for industrial production, and many microbial processes are already operating. Newer genetic engineering techniques may still help in enhancing the product yield. There is also a need for metabolic pathways to be studied in detail so that high product yields can be obtained by its regulation. There is also need to investigate the effects of different parameters on a pilot plant scale which will lead to many more successful commercial technologies.
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