List of Producers and Formulators of Commercial AM Inoculum

These bio-inoculants are now formulated in different formulations. These are designed on the basis of their application to different crops and locations. They are available in the form of powders, tablets/pellets, gel beads, and balls. Intraradical forms of Glomus sp. (vesicles and mycelium fragments) were entrapped in alginate and used as inocula. Isolated intraradical material was found to regenerate in alginate beads and the regenerated mycelium infected roots under controlled conditions (Declerck et al. 1996a,b; Strullu and Plenchette 1991). Glass beads have also been suggested an inoculum type with spores and mycelia inside (Redecker et al. 1995). The application in nursery plantations is normally done using pellets or tablets placed just below the seeds or small plantlets initiating mycorrhization in the hardening phase. Alternative approaches for inoculum disbursement include broadcasting in the field or mycorrhizal products often contain other ingredients designed to increase

Company

Country

AgBio Inc., Westminster

Colorado, USA

Accelerator Horticultural Products

Ohio, USA

AgBio Inc., Westminster

Colorado, USA

Bio-Organics Supply, Camarillo

California, USA

Becker-Underwood, Ames

Iowa, USA

BioScientific, Inc., Avondale

Arizona, USA

EcoLife Corporation, Moorpark

California, USA

First Fruits

Triadelphia, West Verginia

Horticultural Alliance, Inc.

Sarasota, Florida, USA

J.H. Biotech, Inc.

Ventura, California, USA

Mikro-Tek Inc., Timmins

Ontario, Canada

Mycorrhizal Applications. Grants Pass

Oregon, USA

BioGrow TM

North America

Plant Health Care, Inc.

Pennsylvania, USA

MycorTM VAM MiniPlug TM

North America

Premier Horticulture, Red Hill

Pennsylvania, USA

Premier Tech

Quebec, Canada

Reforestation Technologies, Salinas

California, USA

Roots Inc., Independence

Montana, USA

T & J Enterprises, Spokane

Washington, USA

TIPCO, Inc., Knoxville

Tennessee, USA

Tree of Life Nursery, San Juan Capistrano

California, USA

Tree Pro, West Lafayette

Indiana, USA

Biological Crop Protection Ltd

Kent, UK

Bio-Organics

Medillin, Columbia

Biorize

Dijon, France

Central Glass Co., Chemicals Section

Tokyo, Japan

Global Horticare,

Lelystad, Netherlands

Idemitsu Kosan Co.

Sodegaura, Chile

MicroBio, Ltd

Royston, Herts, UK

N-Viron Sdn. Bhd

Malaysia

PlantWorks Ltd., Sittingbourne

UK

Triton Umweltschutz GmbH

Bitterfeld, Germany

KCP Sugar and Industries Corporation Ltd

Andhra Pradesh, India

Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd

Ahmedabad, India

the effectiveness of the mycorrhizal spores. For example, organic matter is often added to encourage microbial activity, soil structure, and root growth. Stress vitamins improve nutrient uptake and build root biomass. Water absorbing gels help "plaster" beneficial mycorrhizal spores in close proximity to feeder roots and encourage favorable soil moisture conditions for mycorrhizae to form and grow. Organic biostimulants, in general, are effective ingredients in mycorrhizal products. By promoting field competitiveness, stress resistance, and nutrient efficiency, biostimulants reduce barriers to rapid mycorrhizal formation especially during the critical period following root initiation or transplanting. A list of commercially available mycorrhizal inocula is provided in the table above.

Recent advances in the in vitro mode of mass multiplication like optimizing various growth parameters like pH, media manipulations (Douds 2002) can further increase the recovery of propagules. Recent report on the success of co-culturing two different genera together with single host under in vitro as it occurs in nature, opens a new scope of an in vitro consortium package as inoculum, which may prove more superior in varied edapho-climatic regions where multiple mycorrhizal isolates may function better than single isolate inoculation for future (Tiwari and Adholeya 2002). Industry-based research documentation's as such are not available to the end users but a recent brief insight into some of the potential techniques by Moutoglis and Beland (2001) along with other alternative production techniques such as bioreactor-based production techniques proposed by Jolicoeur et al. (1999); Jolicoeur and Pirrier (2001) making use of ROC proposes a bright future for AM biofertilizer.

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