Several of the white rot fungi that can utilize lignocellulose are edible mushrooms. They have been successfully cultivated at a commercial level worldwide using ligno-cellulosic wastes as the main substrate (Wood and Smith 1987). Agaricus bisporus, known as the "button mushroom," L. edodes known as "Shiitake," and P. ostreatus, known as the "oyster mushroom" are just three examples of this agricultural-biotechnological crop. Bioconversion of ligno-cellulosic residues through mushroom cultivation also offers the potential for converting these residues into protein-rich palatable food, reducing the environmental impact of the wastes.
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