References

Abraham W-R, Kieslich K, Stumpf B, and Ernst L (1992). Microbial oxidation of tricyclic sesquiterpenoids containing a dimethylcyclopropane ring. Phytochemistry 31:3749-3755.

Agrawal R and Joseph R (2000). Optimization of conditions for the biotransformation of alpha pinene to verbenone by a Penicillium sp. J Food Sci Technol (Mysore) 37:430-432.

Andersson BE and Henrysson T (1996). Accumulation and degradation of dead-end metabolites during treatment of soil contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with five strains of white-rot fungi. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 46:647-652.

April TM, Abbott SP, Foght JM, and Currah RS (1998). Degradation of hydrocarbons in crude oil by the ascomycete Pseudal-lescheria boydii (Microascaceae). Can J Microbiol 44:270-278.

April TM, Foght JM, and Currah RS (2000). Hydrocarbon-degrading filamentous fungi isolated from flare pit soils in northern and western Canada. Can J Microbiol 46:38-49.

Atlas RM and Cerniglia CE (1995). Bioremediation of petroleum pollutants. Bioscience 45:332-339.

Bezalel L, Hadar Y, and Cerniglia CE (1996a). Mineralization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by the white rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:292- 295.

Bezalel L, Hadar Y, Fu PP, Freeman JP, and Cerniglia CE (1996b). Metabolism of phenanthrene by the white rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:2547-2553.

Bezalel L, Hadar Y, Fu PP, Freeman JP, and Cerniglia CE (1996c). Initial oxidation products in the metabolism of pyrene, anthracene, fluorene, and dibenzothiophene by the white rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:2554-2559.

Bogan BW and Lamar RT (1996). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading capabilities of Phanerochaete laevis HHB-1625 and its extracellular ligninolytic enzymes. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:1597-1603.

Bogan BW, Lamar RT, Burgos WD, and Tien M (1999). Extent of humification of anthracene, fluoranthene, and benzo[a]pyrene by Pleurotus ostreatus during growth in PAH-contaminated soils. Lett Appl Microbiol 28:250-254.

Bogan BW, Lamar RT, and Hammel KE (1996). Fluorene oxidation in vivo by Phanerochaete chrysosporium and in vitro during manganese peroxidase-dependent lipid peroxidation. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:1788-1792.

Böhmer S, Messner K, and Srebotnik E (1998). Oxidation of phenanthrene by a fungal laccase in the presence of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole and unsaturated lipids. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 244:233-238.

Boonchan S, Britz ML, and Stanley GA (2000). Degradation and mineralization of high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by defined fungal-bacterial cocultures. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:1007-1019.

Braun-Lullemann A, Hüttermann A, and Majcherczyk A (1999). Screening of ectomycorrhizal fungi for degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 53:127-132.

Braun-Lullemann A, Majcherczyk A, and Hüttermann A (1997). Degradation of styrene by white-rot fungi. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 47:150-155.

Bressler DC, Fedorak PM, and Pickard MA (2000). Oxidation of carbazole, N-ethylcarbazole, fluorene, and dibenzothiophene by the laccase of Coriolopsis gallica. Biotechnol Lett 22:1119-1125.

Bumpus JA (1989). Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:154-158.

Casillas RP, Crow SA, Heinze TM, Deck J, and Cerniglia CE (1996). Initial oxidative and subsequent conjugative metabolites produced during the metabolism of phenanthrene by fungi. J Ind Microbiol 16:205-215.

Cerniglia CE (1992). Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Biodegradation 3:351-368.

Cerniglia CE (1993). Biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Curr Opinion Biotechnol 4:331 -338.

Cerniglia CE (1997). Fungal metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: past, present and future applications in bioremediation. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 19:324-333.

Cerniglia CE, Campbell WL, Fu PP, Freeman JP, and Evans FE (1990). Stereoselective fungal metabolism of methylated anthracenes. Appl Environ Microbiol 56:661-668.

Cerniglia CE, Dodge RH, and Gibson DT (1982a). Fungal oxidation of 3-methylcholanthrene: formation of proximate carcinogenic metabolites of 3-methylcholanthrene. Chem-Biol Interact 38:161-173.

Cerniglia CE, Fu PP, and Yang SK (1982b). Metabolism of 7-methylbenz[a]anthracene and 7-hydroxymethylbenz[a]-anthracene by Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Environ Microbiol 44:682-689.

Cerniglia CE, Fu PP, and Yang SK (1983). Regio- and stereo-selective metabolism of 4-methylbenz[a]anthracene by the fungus Cunninghamella elegans. Biochem J 216:377-384.

Cerniglia CE and Gibson DT (1977). Metabolism of naphthalene by Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Environ Microbiol 34:363-370.

Cerniglia CE and Gibson DT (1979). Oxidation of benzo[a]pyrene by the filamentous fungus Cunninghamella elegans. J Biol Chem 254:12174-12180.

Cerniglia CE, Gibson DT, and Dodge RH (1994). Metabolism of benz[a]anthracene by the filamentous fungus Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:3931-3938.

Cerniglia CE, Kelly DW, Freeman JP, and Miller DW (1986). Microbial metabolism of pyrene. Chem-Biol Interact 57:203-216.

Cerniglia CE, Lambert KJ, Miller DW, and Freeman JP (1984). Transformation of 1- and 2-methylnaphthalene by Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Environ Microbiol 47:111-118.

Cerniglia CE and Sutherland JB (2001). Bioremediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by ligninolytic and non-ligninolytic fungi. In: Gadd GM ed. Fungi in Bioremediation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp 136-187.

Cerniglia CE, Sutherland JB, and Crow SA (1992). Fungal metabolism of aromatic hydrocarbons. In: Winkelmann G ed. Microbial Degradation of Natural Products. Weinheim, Germany: VCH Verlagsgesellschaft. pp 193-217.

Cerniglia CE and Yang SK (1984). Stereoselective metabolism of anthracene and phenanthrene by the fungus Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Environ Microbiol 47:119-124.

Collins PJ and Dobson ADW (1996). Oxidation of fluorene and phenanthrene by Mn(II) dependent peroxidase activity in whole cultures of Trametes (Coriolus) versicolor. Biotechnol Lett 18:801-804.

Collins PJ, Kotterman MJJ, Field JA, and Dobson ADW (1996). Oxidation of anthracene and benzo[a]pyrene by laccases from Trametes versicolor. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:4563-4567.

Colombo JC, Cabello M, and Arambarri AM (1996). Biodegradation of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons by natural soil microflora and pure cultures of imperfect and lignolytic fungi. Environ Pollut 94:355-362.

Cox HHJ, Faber BW, van Heiningen WNM, Radhoe H, Doddema HJ, and Harder W (1996). Styrene metabolism in Exophiala jeanselmei and involvement of a cytochrome P-450-dependent styrene monooxygenase. Appl Environ Microbiol 62:1471-1474.

Crespo R, Juarez MP, and Cafferata LFR (2000). Biochemical interaction between entomopathogenous fungi and their insect-host-like hydrocarbons. Mycologia 92:528-536.

Davies HG, Dawson MJ, Lawrence GC, Mayall J, Noble D, Roberts SM, Turner MK, and Wall WF (1986). Microbial hydroxylation of cyclohexylcyclohexane: synthesis of an analogue of leukotriene-B3. Tetrahedron Lett 27:1089-1092.

Davies JS, Wellman AM, and Zajic JE (1976). Oxidation of ethane by an Acremonium species. Appl Environ Microbiol 32:14-20.

Demyttenaere JCR, Van Belleghem K, and De Kimpe N (2001). Biotransformation of (R)-(+)- and (S)-(— )-limonene by fungi and the use of solid phase microextraction for screening. Phytochemistry 57:199-208.

de Oliveira BH and Strapasson RA (2000). Biotransformation of the monoterpene, limonene, by Fusarium verticillioides. Braz Arch Biol Technol 43:11-14.

Dodge RH, Cerniglia CE, and Gibson DT (1979). Fungal metabolism of biphenyl. Biochem J 178:223-230.

Draczynska B, Cagara C, Siewinski A, Rymkiewicz A, Zabza A, and Leufven A (1985). Biotransformation of pinenes XVII. Transformation of a and ß-pinenes by means of Armillariella mellea (honey fungus), a parasite of woodlands. J. Basic Microbiol 25:487-492.

Ekundayo EO and Obuekwe CO (2000). Hydrocarbon utilization in yeast isolates found to grow in association with petroleum in a polluted ultisol of midwestern Nigeria. Environ Monit Assess 63:381-387.

Faber BW, Schonewille ABJA, van Gorcom RFM, and Duine JA (2001). Constitutive and inducible hydroxylase activities involved in the degradation of naphthalene by Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 55:486-491.

Field JA, Baten H, Boelsma F, and Rulkens WH (1996). Biological elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in solvent extracts of polluted soil by the white rot fungus, Bjerkandera sp. strain BOS55. Environ Technol 17:317-323.

García-Peña EI, Hernandez S, Favela-Torres E, Auria R, and Revah S (2001). Toluene biofiltration by the fungus Scedosporium apiospermum TB1. Biotechnol Bioeng 76:61-69.

Garon D, Krivobok S, and Seigle-Murandi F (2000). Fungal degradation of fluorene. Chemosphere 40:91-97.

Giraud F, Guiraud P, Kadri M, Blake G, and Steiman R (2001). Biodegradation of anthracene and fluoranthene by fungi isolated from an experimental constructed wetland for wastewater treatment. Water Res 35:4126-4136.

Goswami P and Cooney JJ (1999). Subcellular location of enzymes involved in oxidation of n-alkane by Cladosporium resinae. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 51:860-864.

Gramss G, Kirsche B, Voigt K-D, Günther T, and Fritsche W (1999). Conversion rates of five polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in liquid cultures of fifty-eight fungi and the concomitant production of oxidative enzymes. Mycol Res 103:1009-1018.

Griffin WM and Cooney JJ (1979). Degradation of model recalcitrant hydrocarbons by microorganisms from freshwater ecosystems. Dev Ind Microbiol 20:479-488.

Hammel KE (1995). Mechanisms for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation by ligninolytic fungi. Environ Health Persp 103(Suppl 5):41-43.

Hammel KE, Gai WZ, Green B, and Moen MA (1992). Oxidative degradation of phenanthrene by the ligninolytic fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Appl Environ Microbiol 58:1832-1838.

Hammel KE, Green B, and Gai WZ (1991). Ring fission of anthracene by a eukaryote. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 88:10605-10608.

Iida T, Sumita T, Ohta A, and Takagi M (2000). The cytochrome P450ALK multigene family of an n-alkane-assimilating yeast Yarrowia lipolytica: cloning and characterization of genes coding for new CYP52 family members. Yeast 16:1077-1087.

in der Wiesche C, Martens R, and Zadrazil F (1996). Two-step degradation of pyrene by white-rot fungi and soil microorganisms. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 46:653-659.

Johannes C and Majcherczyk A (2000). Natural mediators in the oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by laccase mediator systems. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:524-528.

Johnson RA, Hall CM, Krueger WC, and Murray HC (1973). Microbial oxygenation of dialkylbenzenes. Bioorg Chem 2:99-110.

Juhasz AL and Naidu R (2000). Bioremediation of high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: a review of the microbial degradation of benzo[a]pyrene. Int Biodeterior Biodegr 45:57-88.

Kiehlmann E, Pinto L, and Moore M (1996). The biotransformation of chrysene to trans-1,2-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydrochrysene by filamentous fungi. Can J Microbiol 42:604- 608.

Klug MJ and Markovetz AJ (1968). Degradation of hydrocarbons by members of the genus Candida III. Oxidative intermediates from 1-hexadecene and 1-heptadecene by Candida lipolytica. J Bacteriol 96:1115-1123.

Kotterman MJJ, Vis EH, and Field JA (1998). Successive mineralization and detoxification of benzo[a]pyrene by the white rot fungus Bjerkandera sp. strain BOS55 and indigenous microflora. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:2853-2858.

Krivobok S, Miriouchkine E, Seigle-Murandi F, and Benoit-Guyod J-L (1998). Biodegradation of anthracene by soil fungi. Chemosphere 37:523-530.

Lange B, Kremer S, Sterner O, and Anke H (1996). Metabolism of pyrene by basidiomycetous fungi of the genera Crinipellis, Marasmius, andMarasmiellus. Can JMicrobiol42:1179-1183.

Lange J, Hammer E, Specht M, Francke W, and Schauer F (1998). Biodegradation of biphenyl by the ascomycetous yeast Debaryomyces vanrijiae. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 50:364-368.

Launen LA, Pinto LJ, Percival PW, Lam SFS, and Moore MM (2000). Pyrene is metabolized to bound residues by Penicillium janthinellum SFU403. Biodegradation 11:305-312.

Liao W-L, Tseng D-H, Tsai Y-C, and Chang S-C (1997). Microbial removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Phanero-chaete chrysosporium. Water Sci Technol 35:255-264.

Lindley ND (1992). Hydrocarbon-degrading yeasts and filamentous fungi of biotechnological importance. In: Arora DK, Elander RP, Mukerji KG eds. Handbook of Applied Mycology. Vol. 4. 1st Ed. pp 905-929.

Lisowska K and Dtugoiiski J (1999). Removal of anthracene and phenanthrene by filamentous fungi capable of cortexolone 11-hydroxylation. J Basic Microbiol 39:117-125.

Marquez-Rocha FJ, Hernandez-Rodriguez VZ, and Vazquez-Duhalt R (2000). Biodegradation of soil-adsorbed polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by the white rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. Biotechnol Lett 22:469-472.

Martinez-inigo MJ, Gutierrez A, del Rio JC, Martinez MJ, and Martinez AT (2000). Time course of fungal removal of lipophilic extractives from Eucalyptus globulus wood. J Biotechnol 84:119-126.

Masaphy S, Lamb DC, and Kelly SL (1999). Purification and characterization of a benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase from Pleurotus pulmonarius. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 266:326-329.

Mastrangelo G, Fadda E, and Marzia V (1996). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and cancer in man. Environ Health Perspect 104:1166-1170.

May R, Schröder P, and Sandermann H (1997). Ex-situ process for treating PAH-contaminated soil with Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Environ Sci Technol 31:2626-2633.

Miller KP and Ramos KS (2001). Impact of cellular metabolism on the biological effects of benzo[a]pyrene and related hydrocarbons. Drug Metab Rev 33:1-35.

Miyazawa M, Honjo Y, and Kameoka H (1997). Biotransformation of the sesquiterpenoid ß-selinene using the plant pathogenic fungus Glomerella cingulata as a biocatalyst. Phytochemistry 44:433-436.

Miyazawa M, Honjo Y, and Kameoka H (1998). Biotransformation of the sesquiterpenoid (+ )-g-gurjunene using a plant pathogenic fungus, Glomerella cingulata, as a biocatalyst. Phytochemistry 49:1283-1285.

Miyazawa M, Uemura T, and Kameoka H (1995). Biotransformation of sesquiterpenoids, (+ )-aromadendrene and (— )-alloaroma-dendreneby Glomerella cingulata. Phytochemistry 40:793-796.

Morgan P and Watkinson RJ (1994). Biodegradation of components of petroleum. In: Ratledge C ed. Biochemistry of Microbial Degradation. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp 1-31.

Muncnerova D and Augustin J (1994). Fungal metabolism and detoxification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: a review. Biores Technol 48:97-106.

Napolitano R and Juarez MP (1997). Entomopathogenous fungi degrade epicuticular hydrocarbons of Triatoma infestans. Arch Biochem Biophys 344:208-214.

Noma Y, Yamasaki S, and Asakawa Y (1992). Biotransformation of limonene and related compounds by Aspergillus cellulosae. Phytochemistry 31:2725-2727.

Novotny C, Erbanova P, Sasek V, Kubatova A, Cajthaml T, Lang E, Krahl J, and Zadrazzil F (1999). Extracellular oxidative enzyme production and PAH removal in soil by exploratory mycelium of white rot fungi. Biodegradation 10:159-168.

Nwachukwu SCU (2000). Enhanced rehabilitation of tropical aquatic environments polluted with crude petroleum using Candida utilis. J Environ Biol 21:241-250.

Parbery DG (1971). Biological problems in jet aviation fuel and the biology of Amorphotheca resinae. Mater Org 6:161-208.

Pickard MA, Roman R, Tinoco R, and Vazquez-Duhalt R (1999). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolism by white rot fungi and oxidation by Coriolopsis gallica UAMH 8260 laccase. Appl Environ Microbiol 65:3805-3809.

Pothuluri JV and Cerniglia CE (1994). Microbial metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In: Chaudhry GR ed. Biological Degradation and Bioremediation of Toxic Chemicals. Portland, Oregon: Dioscorides Press. pp 92-124.

Pothuluri JV, Evans FE, Heinze TM, and Cerniglia CE (1996). Formation of sulfate and glucoside conjugates of benzo[e]pyrene by Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 45:677-683.

Pothuluri JV, Freeman JP, Evans FE, and Cerniglia CE (1990). Fungal transformation of fluoranthene. Appl Environ Microbiol 56:2974-2983.

Pothuluri JV, Freeman JP, Evans FE, and Cerniglia CE (1992). Fungal metabolism of acenaphthene by Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Environ Microbiol 58:3654-3659.

Pothuluri JV, Freeman JP, Evans FE, and Cerniglia CE (1993). Biotransformation of fluorene by the fungus Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Environ Microbiol 59:1977-1980.

Pothuluri JV, Selby A, Evans FE, Freeman JP, and Cerniglia CE (1995). Transformation of chrysene and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mixtures by the fungus Cunninghamella elegans. Can J Bot 73(Suppl 1):S1025-S1033.

Prema BR and Bhattacharyya PK (1962). Microbiological transformation of terpenes. II. Transformations of a-pinene. Appl Microbiol 10:524-528.

Prenafeta-Boldu FX, Kuhn A, Luykx DMAM, Anke H, van Groenestijn JW and de Bont JAM (2001). Isolation and characterisation of fungi growing on volatile aromatic hydrocarbons as their sole carbon and energy source. Mycol Res 105:477 -484.

Rama R, Mougin C, Boyer F-D, Kollmann A, Malosse C, and Sigoillot J-C (1998). Biotransformation of benzo[a]pyrene in bench scale reactor using laccase of Pycnoporus cinnabarinus. Biotechnol Lett 20:1101-1104.

Rama R, Mougin C, Malosse C, Chaplain V, Sigoillot J-C, and Asther M (2000). Biotransformation of PAHs by the white rot fungus Trametes versicolor. In: Wise DL, Trantolo DJ, Cichon EJ, Inyang HI, Stottmeister U eds. Bioremediation of Contaminated Soils. New York: Marcel Dekker. pp 365-372.

Ravelet C, Krivobok S, Sage L, and Steiman R (2000). Biodegradation of pyrene by sediment fungi. Chemosphere 40:557-563.

Ritchie GD, Still KR, Alexander WK, Nordholm AF, Wilson CL, Rossi J, and Mattie DR (2001). A review of the neurotoxicity risk of selected hydrocarbon fuels. J Toxicol Environ Health, B Crit Rev 4:223-312.

Romero MC, Cazau MC, Giorgieri S, and Arambarri AM (1998). Phenanthrene degradation by microorganisms isolated from a contaminated stream. Environ Pollut 101:355-359.

Romero MC, Hammer E, Cazau MC, and Arambarri AM (2001). Selection of autochthonous yeast strains able to degrade biphenyl. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 17:591-594.

Sack U, Heinze TM, Deck J, Cerniglia CE, Cazau MC, and Fritsche W (1997a). Novel metabolites in phenanthrene and pyrene transformation by Aspergillus niger. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:2906-2909.

Sack U, Hofrichter M, and Fritsche W (1997b). Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by manganese peroxidase of Nematoloma frowardii. FEMS Microbiol Lett 152:227-234.

Salicis F, Krivobok S, Jack M, and Benoit-Guyod J-L (1999). Biodegradation of fluoranthene by soil fungi. Chemosphere 38:3031-3039.

Santodonato J (1997). Review of the estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: relationship to carcinogenicity. Chemosphere 34:835-848.

Scheller U, Zimmer T, Kargel E, and Schunck W-H (1996). Characterization of the n-alkane and fatty acid hydroxylating cytochrome P450 forms 52A3 and 52A4. Arch Biochem Biophys 328:245-254.

Schützendübel A, Majcherczyk A, Johannes C, and Hiitter-mann A (1999). Degradation of fluorene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, and pyrene lacks connection to the production of extracellular enzymes by Pleurotus ostreatus and Bjerkandera adusta. Int Biodeterior Biodegr 43:93-100.

Sietmann R, Hammer E, Moody J, Cerniglia CE, and Schauer F

(2000). Hydroxylation of biphenyl by the yeast Trichosporon mucoides. Arch Microbiol 174:353-361.

Sietmann R, Hammer E, Specht M, Cerniglia CE, and Schauer F

(2001). Novel ring cleavage products in the biotransformation of biphenyl by the yeast Trichosporon mucoides. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:4158-4165.

Song H-G (1999). Comparison of pyrene biodegradation by white rot fungi. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 15:669-672.

Sutherland JB (1992). Detoxification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by fungi. J Ind Microbiol 9:53-62.

Sutherland JB, Fu PP, Yang SK, Von Tungeln LS, Casillas RP, Crow SA, and Cerniglia CE (1993). Enantiomeric composition of the trans-dihydrodiols produced from phenanthrene by fungi. Appl Environ Microbiol 59:2145-2149.

Sutherland JB, Rafii F, Khan AA, and Cerniglia CE (1995). Mechanisms of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation. In: Young LY, Cerniglia CE eds. Microbial Transformation and Degradation of Toxic Organic Chemicals. New York: Wiley-Liss. pp 269-306.

Sutherland JB, Selby AL, Freeman JP, Evans FE, and Cerniglia CE (1991). Metabolism of phenanthrene by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Appl Environ Microbiol 57:3310-3316.

Sutherland JB, Selby AL, Freeman JP, Fu PP, Miller DW, and Cerniglia CE (1992). Identification of xyloside conjugates formed from anthracene by Rhizoctonia solani. Mycol Res 96:509-517.

Tan Q, Day DF, and Cadwallader KR (1998). Bioconversion of (R)-(+ )-limonene by P. digitatum (NRRL 1202). Process Biochem 33:29-37.

Trudgill PW (1994). Microbial metabolism and transformation of selected monoterpenes. In: Ratledge C ed. Biochemistry of Microbial Degradation. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp 33-61.

Tuhackova J, Cajthaml T, Novak K, Novotny C, Mertilrk J, and Sasek V (2001). Hydrocarbon deposition and soil microflora as affected by highway traffic. Environ Pollut 113:255-262.

Uzura A, Katsuragi T, and Tani Y (2001). Stereoselective oxidation of alkylbenzenes by fungi. J Biosci Bioeng 91:217-221.

van den Brink HJM, van Gorcom RFM, van den Hondel CAMJJ, and Punt PJ (1998). Cytochrome P450 enzyme systems in fungi. Fungal Genet Biol 23:1-17.

van Dyk MS, van Rensburg E, and Moleleki N (1998). Hydroxylation of (+ )-limonene, (— )-a-pinene and (—)-ß-pinene by a Hormonema sp. Biotechnol Lett 20:431-436.

van Rensburg E, Moleleki N, van der Walt JP, Botes PJ, and van Dyk MS (1997). Biotransformation of (+ )limonene and

(— )piperitone by yeasts and yeast-like fungi. Biotechnol Lett 19:779-782.

Venkateswarlu K, Marsh RM, Faber B, and Kelly SL (1996). Investigation of cytochrome P450 mediated benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylation in Aspergillus fumigatus. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 66:139-144.

Warshawsky D (1999). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in carcinogenesis. Environ Health Persp 107:317-319.

Weber FJ, Hage KC, and de Bont JAM (1995). Growth of the fungus Cladosporium sphaerospermum with toluene as the sole carbon and energy source. Appl Environ Microbiol 61:3562-3566.

Wolf HJ and Hanson RS (1979). Isolation and characterization of methane-utilizing yeasts. J Gen Microbiol 114:187-194.

Wolf HJ and Hanson RS (1980). Identification of methane-utilizing yeasts. FEMS Microbiol Lett 7:177-179.

Wolter M, Zadrazil F, Martens R, and Bahadir M (1997). Degradation of eight highly condensed polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Pleurotus sp. Florida in solid wheat straw substrate. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 48:398-404.

Wong LK, Dru J, Lin L-S, and Knapp J (1983). Metabolism of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene by Cunninghamella elegans. Appl Environ Microbiol 46:1239-1242.

Wunch KG, Alworth WL, and Bennett JW (1999). Mineralization of benzo[a]pyrene by Marasmiellus troyanus, a mushroom isolated from a toxic waste site. Microbiol Res 154:75-79.

Wunder T, Marr J, Kremer S, Sterner O, and Anke H (1997). 1-Methoxypyrene and 1,6-dimethoxypyrene: two novel metabolites in fungal metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Arch Microbiol 167:310-316.

Yadav JS and Reddy CA (1993). Degradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) by the lignin-degrading basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Appl Environ Microbiol 59:756-762.

Yamazaki Y, Hayashi Y, Hori N, and Mikami Y (1988). Microbial conversion of ß-myrcene by Aspergillus niger. Agric Biol Chem 52:2921 -2922.

Yogambal RK and Karegoudar TB (1997). Metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Aspergillus niger. Indian J Exp Biol 35:1021-1023.

Zinjarde SS, Pant A, and Deshpande MV (1998). Dimorphic transition in Yarrowia lipolytica isolated from oil-polluted sea water. Mycol Res 102:553-558.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment