Abbott LA, Bisby FA, and Rogers DJ (1985). Taxonomic Analysis in Biology. New York: Columbia University Press.

Alderson G (1985). The application and relevance of nonhierarchic methods in bacterial taxonomy. In: Goodfellow M, Jones D, Priest FG eds. Computer-assisted Bacterial Systematics. London: Academic Press. pp 227-263.

Ariffin D, Idris AS, and Singh G (2000). Status of Ganoderma in oil palm. In: Flood J, Bridge PD, Holderness M eds. Ganoderma Diseases of Perennial Crops. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 49-68.

Armstrong JK and Armstrong GM (1958). A race of the cotton wilt Fusarium causing wilt of Yelredo soybean and flue-cured tobacco. Plant Dis Rep 42:147-151.

Arora DK, Hirsch PR, and Kerry BR (1996). PCR-based molecular discrimination of Verticillium chlamydosporium isolates. Mycol Res 100:801-809.

van Belkum A, Scherer S, van Alphen L, and Verbrugh H (1998). Short-Sequence DNA Repeats in Prokaryotic Genomes. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 62:275-293.

Bentley S, Pess KG, and Dale JL (1995). Genetic variation among a world-wide collection of isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f sp cubense analysed by RAPD-PCR fingerprinting. Mycol Res 99:1378-1384.

Borst P and Grivell LA (1978). The mitochondrial genome of yeast. Cell 15:705-723.

Brasier CM (1991). Ophiostoma novo-ulmi sp. nov, causative agent of current Dutch elm disease pandemics. Mycopathologia 115:151-162.

Bridge PD (1998). Numerical analysis of molecular variability, a comparison of hierarchic and nonhierarchic approaches. In: Bridge PD, Couteaudier Y, Clarkson JM eds. Molecular Variability of Fungal Pathogens. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 291-308.

Bridge PD and Arora DK (1998). Interpretation of PCR methods for species definition. In: Bridge PD, Arora DK, Elander RP, Reddy CA eds. Applications of PCR in Mycology. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 64-83.

Bridge PD and Saddler G (1998). Numerical analysis of fungal chemotaxonomic data. In: Frisvad JC, Bridge PD, Arora DK eds. Chemical Fungal Taxonomy. New York: Marcel Dekker Press. pp 19-49.

Bridge PD, Pearce DA, Rivera A, and Rutherford MA (1997). VNTR derived oligonucleotides as PCR primers for population studies in filamentous fungi. Lett Appl Microbiol 24: 426-430.

Bridge PD, O'Grady EB, Pilotti CA, and Sanderson FR (2000). Development of molecular diagnostics for the detection of Ganoderma isolates pathogenic to oil palm. In: Flood J, Bridge PD, Holderness M eds. Ganoderma Diseases of Perennial Crops. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 225-234.

Bridge PD, Panchal G, Sanderson FR, and Pilotti CA (2001). Environmental sampling for Ganoderma in oil palm: a molecular tool for elucidating epidemiology. In: Cutting-edge technologies for Sustained Competitivenes 2001 International Palm Oil Congress. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Palm Oil Board. pp 649-652.

Brown AE, Muthumeenakshi S, Sreenivasaprasad S, Mills PR, and Swinburne TR (1993). A PCR primer-specific to Cylindro-carpon heteronema for detection of the pathogen in apple wood. FEMS Microbiol Lett 108:117-120.

Bruns TD, Fogel R, and Taylor JW (1990). Amplification and sequencing of DNA from fungal herbarium specimens. Mycologia 82:175-184.

Bruns TD, White TJ, and Taylor JW (1991). Fungal molecular systematics. Ann Rev Ecol Systemat 22:525-564.

Chen W (1992). Restriction fragment length polymorphism in enzymatically amplified ribosomal DNAs of three hetrothallic Pythium species. Phytopathology 82:1467-1472.

Clark-Walker GD (1992). Evolution of mitochondrial genomes in fungi. Int Rev Cytol 141:89-127.

Clark-Walker GD, Hoeben P, Plazinska A, Smith DK, and Wimmer EH (1987). Application of mitochondrial DNA analysis to yeast systematics. In: De Hoog GS, Smith MTh, Weijman ACM eds. The Expanding Realm of Yeast-like Fungi. Amsterdam: CBS/Elsevier. pp 259-266.

Clay K and Kover PX (1996). The red queen hypothesis and plant/pathogen interactions. Annu Rev Phytopathol 34: 29-50.

Coddington A, Matthews PM, Cullis C, and Smith KH (1987). Restriction digest patterns of total DNA from different races of Fusarium oxysporum f sp. pisiā€”an improved method for race classification. J Phytopathol 118:9-20.

Collins RA and Saville BJ (1990). Independent transfer of mitochondrial chromosomes and plasmids during unstable vegetative fusion in Neurospora. Nature 345:177-179.

Cooke DEL, Kennedy DM, Guy DC, Russell J, Unkles SE, and Duncan JM (1996). Relatedness of group I species of Phytophthora as assessed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPDs) and sequences of ribosomal DNA. Mycol Res 100:297-303.

Curole JP and Kocher TD (1999). Mitogenomics: digging deeper with complete mitochondrial genomes. Trends Ecol Evol 14:394-398.

Daboussi MJ (1997). Fungal transposable elements and genome evolution. Genetica 100:253 -260.

Daboussi M-J and Langin T (1994). Transposable elements in the fungal plant pathogen. F oxysporum Genetica 93:49-59.

DePriest PT (1993). Molecular innovations in lichen systematics: the use of ribosomal and intron nucleotide sequences in the Cladonia chlorophaea complex. Bryologist 96:314-325.

Dick MW (2001). Straminipilous Fungi: Systematics of the Peronosporomycetes Including Accounts of the Marine Straminipilous Protists, the Plasmodiophorids and Similar Organisms. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p 660.

Dobrowolski MP and O'Brien PA (1993). Use of RAPD-PCR to isolate a species specific DNA probe for Phytophora cinnamomi. FEMS Microbiol Lett 113:43-48.

Dudzinski ML (1975). Principal components analysis and its use in hypothesis generation and multiple regression. In: Bofinger VJ, Wheeler JL eds. Developments in Field Experiment Design and Analysis. Slough: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux. pp 85-105.

Duncan JM, Cooke D, Birch P, and Toth R (1998). Molecular variability in sexually reproducing fungal plant pathogens. In: Bridge PD, Couteaudier Y, Clarkson JM eds. Molecular Variability of Fungal Pathogens. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 19 -40.

Edelmann SE and Staben C (1994). A statistical analysis of sequence features within genes from Neurospora crassa. Exp Mycol 18:70-81.

Ellis MB (1968). Alternaria brassicae CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria, 162.

Fatehi J, Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Ascochyta and Phoma species pathogenic to Legumes PhD Thesis, University of Reading.

Feltham RKA and Sneath PHA (1979). Quantitative comparison of electrophoretic traces of bacterial proteins. Comp Biomed Res 12:247-263.

Freeman S and Rodriguez RJ (1995). Differentiation of Colleto-trichum species responsible for anthracnose of strawberry by arbitrarily primed PCR. Mycol Res 99:501-504.

Gardes M and Bruns TD (1993). ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes: application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Mol Ecol 2:113-118.

Gargas A and DePriest PT (1996). A nomenclature for fungal PCR primers with examples from intron-containing SSU rDNA. Mycologia 88:745-748.

Glass NL and Donaldson GC (1995). Development of primer sets designed for use with the PCR to amplify conserved genes from filamentous ascomycetes. Appl Environ Microbiol 61: 1323-1330.

Glass NL and Kuldau GA (1992). Mating type and vegetative incompatibility in filamentous ascomycetes. Annu Rev Phytopathol 30:201-224.

Gordon TR and Okamoto D (1992). Variation in mitochondrial DNA among vegetatively compatible isolates of Fusarium oxy-sporum. Exp Mycol 16:245 -250.

Gower JC (1966). Some distance properties of latent root and vector methods used in multivariate analysis. Biometrika 53:325-338.

Grossman LT and Hudspeth MES (1985). Fungal mitochondrial genomes. In: Bennett JW, Lasure LL eds. Gene Manipulations in Fungi. London: Academic Press. pp 65-103.

Hibbett DS (1992). Ribosomal RNA and fungal systematics. Trans Mycol Soc Jpn 33:533-556.

Hillis DM and Dixon MT (1991). Ribosomal DNA: molecular evolution and phylogenetic inference. Quart Rev Biol 66:411-453.

Jabaji-Hare SH, Meller Y, Gill S, and Charest PM (1990). Investigation of genetic relatedness among anastomosis groups of Rhizoctonia solani using cloned DNA probes. Can J Plant Pathol 12:393-404.

Jacobson DJ and Gordon TR (1990). Variability of mitochondrial DNA as an indicator of relationships between populations of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis. Mycol Res 94:734-744.

Kirk PM, David JC, Stalpers JA eds. (2001). Ainsworth and Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi, 9th ed. Wallingford: CABI Publishing.

Kistler HC and Miao VPW (1992). New modes of genetic change in filamentous fungi. Annu Rev Phytopathol 30:131-152.

Kouvelis VN and Typas MA (1997). Molecular typing of Verticillium lecanii isolates based on mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms. IOBC/WPRS Bull 20:268-273.

Kuninaga S, Natsuaki T, Takeuchi T, and Yokosawa R (1997). Sequence variation of the rDNA ITS regions within and between anastomosis groups in Rhizoctonia solani. Curr Genet 32:237-243.

Lacourt I, Panabieres F, Marais A, Vernard P, and Ricci P (1994). Intraspecific polymorphism of Phytophthora parasitica revealed by analysis of mitochondrial DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism. Mycol Res 98:562-568.

Latge JP, Debeaupuis J, Sarfati J, and Paris S (1998). Variability in the human oppurtunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumi-gatus. In: Bridge PD, Couteaudier Y, Clarkson JM eds. Molecular Variability of Fungal Pathogens. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. pp 53 -72.

Leclerc-Potvin C, Virgilio B, Charest PR, and Jabaji-Hare S (1999). Development of reliable molecular markers to detect non-pathogenic binucleate Rhizoctonia isolates (AG-G) using PCR. Mycol Res 103:1165-1172.

Liu Z, Nickrent DL, and Sinclair JB (1990). Genetic relationships among isolates of Rhizoctonia solani manastomosis group 2 based on isoenzyme analysis. Can J Plant Pathol 12:376-382.

Lu BCK (1996). Chromosomes, mitosis, and meiosis. In: Bos CJ ed. Fungal Genetics: Principles and Practice. New York: Marcel Dekker. pp 119-176.

Manicom BQ, Bar-Joseph M, Kotze JM, and Becker MM (1990). A restriction fragment length polymorphism probe relating vegetative compatibility groups and pathogenicity in Fusarium oxysporum fsp dianthi. Phytopathol 80:336-339.

Masel AM, Irwin JAG, and Manners JM (1993). DNA addition or deletion is associated with a major karyotype polymorphism in the fungal phytopathogen. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Mol Gen Genet 237:73-80.

Maude RB (1996). Seedborne Diseases and their Control. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Mazzola M, Wong OT, and Cook RJ (1996). Virulence of Rhizoctonia oryzae and R. solani AG-8 on wheat and detection of R. oryzae in plant tissues by PCR. Phytopathology 86:354-360.

Mehmann B, Brunner L, and Braus G (1994). Nucleotide sequence variation in chitin syntase genes among ectomycorrizal fungi and its potential use in taxonomy. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:3105-3111.

Mewes HW (1997). Overview of the yeast genome. Nature 387:7-65.

Milgroom MG, Wang K, Zhou Y, Lipari SE, and Kaneko S (1996). Intercontinental population structure of the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica. Mycologia 88:179-190.

Miller RNG, Holderness M, Bridge PD, Paterson RRM, Hussin MdZ, and Meon S (1995). Isoenzyme analysis for characterisation of Ganoderma strains from South-east Asia. EPPO Bull 25:81-87.

Miller RNG, Holderness M, Bridge PD, and Chung GF (1999). Genetic diversity of Ganoderma in oil palm plantings. Plant Pathol 48:595-603.

Miller RNG, Holderness M, and Bridge PD (2000). Molecular and morphological characterization of Ganoderma in oil palm plantings. In: Flood J, Bridge PD, Holderness M eds. Ganoderma Diseases of Perennial Crops. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 159-182.

Mitchell AG and Brasier CM (1994). Contrasting structure of European and North American populations of Ophiostoma ulmi. Mycol Res 98:576-582.

Moncalvo J-M, Wang H-F, Wang H-H, and Hseu R-S (1995a). The use of ribosomal DNA sequence data for species identification and phylogeny in the Ganodermataceae. In: Buchanan PK, Hseu R-S, Moncalvo JM eds. Ganoderma: Systematics, Phytopathology and Pharmacology. Taiwan: National Taiwan University. pp 31 -44.

Moncalvo J-M, Wang H-H, and Hseu R-S (1995b). Phylogenetic relationships in Ganoderma inferred from the internal transcribed spacers and 25S ribosomal DNA sequences. Mycologia 87:223-238.

Moukhamedov R, Hu X, Nazar RN, and Robb J (1993). Use of polymerase chain reaction-amplified ribosomal intergenic sequences for the diagnosis of Verticillium tricorpus. Phytopathology 84:256-259.

Mueller UG, Lipari SE, and Milgroom MG (1996). Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprinting of symbiotic fungi cultured by the fungus-growing ant Cypho-myurmex minutus. Mol Ecol 5:119-122.

Nei M and Li WH (1979). Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 7:5269-5273.

Neuveglise C, Brygoo Y, and Riba G (1997). 28S rDNA group-I introns: a powerful tool for identifying strains of Beauveria brongniartii. Mol Ecol 6:373-381.

Pegg G (1984). The impact of Verticillium diseases in agriculture. Phytopathol Mediterr 23:176-192.

Pei MH, Whelan MJ, Halford NG, and Royle DJ (1997). Distinction between stem- and leaf-infecting forms of Melampsora rust on Salix viminalis using RAPD markers. Mycol Res 101:7-10.

Pilotti CA, Sanderson FR, Aitken EAB, Bridge PD, and Holderness M (2000). Genetic variation in Ganoderma spp from Papua New Guinea as revealed by molecular (PCR) methods. In: Flood J, Bridge PD eds. Ganoderma Disease of Perennial Crops. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 195-204.

Ploetz RC (1990). Population biology of Fusarium oxysporum fsp cubense. In: Ploetz RC ed. Fusarium Wilt of Banana. St Paul, MA: American Phytopathological Society. pp 63 -76.

Sanderson FR and Pilotti CA (1997). Ganoderma basal stem rot: an enigma, or just time to rethink an old problem. The Planter 73:489-493.

Sanderson FR, Pilotti CA, and Bridge PD (2000). Basidiospores: their influence on our thinking regarding a control strategy for basal stem rot of oil palm. In: Flood J, Bridge PD, Holderness M eds. Ganoderma Diseases of Perennial Crops. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 113-120.

Schoch CL, Crous PW, Wingfield BD, and Wingfield MJ (2001). Phylogeny of Calonectria based on comparisons of beta-tubulin DNA sequences. Mycol Res 105:1045-1052.

Selosse M-A, Costa G, Di Battista C, Le Tacon F, and Martin F (1996). Meiotic segregation and recombination of the intergenic spacer of the ribosomal DNA in the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete. Laccaria bicolor. Curr Genet 30:332-337.

Shaw MW (2001). Epidemic modelling and disease forecasting. In: Waller JM, Lenne JM, Waller SJ eds. Plant Pathologist's Pocket-book, 3rd ed. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 252-265.

Shetty HS, Mathur SB, and Neergaard P (1980). Sclerospora graminicola in pearl millet seeds and its transmission. Trans Br Mycol Soc 74:127-134.

Sneath PH and Sokal RR (1973). Numerical Taxonomy. San Francisco: WH Freeman and Co.

Sreenivasaprasad S, Mills PR, Meehan BM, and Brown AE (1996). Phylogeny and systematics of 18 Colletotrichum species based on ribosomal DNA spacer sequences. Genome 39:499-512.

Stanosz GR, Smith DR, Guthmiller MA, and Stanosz JC (1997). Persistence of Sphaeropsis sapinea on or in asymptomatic shoots of red and jack pines. Mycologia 89:525-530.

Stukely MJC and Crane CE (1994). Genetically based resistance of Eucalyptus marginata to Phytophthora cinnamomi. Phytopathology 84:650-656.

Swofford DL and Olsen GJ (1990). Phylogeny reconstruction. In: Hillis DM, Moritz C eds. Molecular Systematics. Sunderland, USA: Sinauer. pp 411-501.

Terry PJ and Parker C (2001). Weeds. In: Waller JM, Lenne JM, Waller SJ eds. Plant Pathologist's Pocketbook, 3rd ed. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 175-182.

Thomas V, Rutherford MA, and Bridge PD (1994). Molecular differentiation of two races of Fusarium oxysporum special form. cubense. Lett Appl Microbiol 18:193-196.

Thompson JD, Higgins DG, and Gibson TJ (1994). CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, positions-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Nucleic Acids Res 22:4673-4680.

Thrall PH and Burdon JJ (1997). Host-pathogen dynamics in a metapopulation context: the ecological and evolutionary consequences. J Ecol 85:743-753.

Toda T, Hyakumachi M, and Arora DK (1999). Genetic relatedness among and within different Rhizoctonia solani anastomosis groups as assessed by RAPD, ERIC and REP-PCR. Microbiol Res 154:247-258.

Turner PD (1981). Oil Palm Diseases and Disorders. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Typas MA, Mavridou A, and Kouvelis VN (1998). Mitochondrial DNA differences provide maximum intraspecific polymorphism in the entomopathogenic fungi Verticillium lecanii and Metarhizium anisopliae, and allow isolate detection/ identification. In: Bridge P, Couteaudier Y, Clarkson J eds. Molecular Variability of Fungal Pathogens. Wallingford: CAB International. pp 227-237.

Valent B and Chumley FG (1991). Molecular genetic analysis of the rice blast fungus. Magnaporthe grisea. Annu Rev Phytopathol 29:443-467.

Varga J, Kevei F, Vriesma A, Debets F, Kozakiewicz Z, and Croft JH (1994). Mitochondrial DNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms in field isolates of the Aspergillus niger aggregate. Can J Microbiol 40:612-621.

Vilgalys R and Cubeta MA (1994). Molecular systematics and population biology of Rhizoctonia. Annu Rev Phytopathol 32:135-155.

Vos P and Kuipper M (1997). AFLP analysis. In: Caetano-Anolles G, Gresshoff PM eds. DNA Markers: Protocol, Applications and Overviews. New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp 115-131.

Vos P, Hogers R, Bleeker M, Reijans M, van de Lee T, Homes M, Frijters A, Pot J, Peleman J, Kuiper M, and Zabeau M (1995). AFLP: a new concept for DNA fingerprinting. Nucleic Acids Res 23:4407-4414.

Welsh J and McClelland M (1990). Fingerprinting genomes using PCR with arbitrary primers. Nucleic Acids Res 18:7213-7218.

Whittaker SL, Assinder SJ, and Shaw DS (1994). Inheritance of mitochondrial DNA in Phytophthora infestans. Mycol Res 98:569-575.

Williams JGK, Kubeik AR, Livak KJ, Rafalski JA, and Tingey SV (1990). DNA polymorphisms amplified by arbitrary primers are useful as genetic markers. Nucleic Acids Res 18: 6531-6535.

Wolf K (1996). Mitochondrial Genetics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The way from genetic crosses to transposable elements. In: Bos CJ ed. Fungal Genetics: Principles and Practice. New York: Marcel Dekker. pp 247-257.

Zadoks JC and Schein RD (1979). Epidemiology and Plant Disease Management. New York: Oxford University Press.

Zhou S and Stanosz GR (2001). Primers for amplification of mt SSU rDNA, and a phylogenetic study of Botryosphaeria and associated anamorphic fungi. Mycol Res 105:1033-1044.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment