Fig. 344.—The sheepshank.
Fig. 345—The well-pipe hitch.

405. The well-pipe hitch (Fig. 345) is made by wrapping the end of the rope around the pipe, making a half hitch. A second wrap is made, wrapping downward and over the standing part. A third wrap is made, this time going under the standing part and up between the last two turns. The hiteh is completed by making a clove hitch with the end of the rope. The pull on the standing part of the rope should be parallel with the pipe.

406. The short splice is made where a considerable enlargement in the size of the rope would not be objectionable, or where only a short length of rope can be spared for making the splice. It should not l>e used where the rope has to pass through pulleys. It is made as follows:

1. Unlay the strands for six or seven turns on the ends to be joined.

2. Place the two ends together so that the strands from one end alternate with the strands from the other. Be sure that every strand branches outward from the main rope directly and without crossing over the center of the rope (see Fig. 346).

Fi<*. 346.- -Strands spread out preparatory to placing two ropos together for splicing.

3. Tie each strand from one rope with the corresponding strand from the other rope, using a simple overhand knot. When all three strands are thus tied, draw them all up even and tight (see Fig, 347).

4. Tuck the strands from each rope under the strands of the other, using the method outlined for the crown or end splice (Fig. 320) page 286. Tuck the strands alternately, making a single tuck on one strand, then a single tuck on the next strand, etc. Each strand should be tucked ultimately three or four times under strands of the other rope.

407. The long splice should be made if the rope is to pass through pulleys or if a neat splice is desired that will not appreciably increase the size of the rope. The following directions are for making the long splice in a three-strand rope. Four strand ropes are spliced in a similar manner.

1 For discussion of the crown or end splice, see Art 382.



B- Wrong


B- Wrong

1. Unlay the strands of eaeh rope about 15 turns.

2. Place the two ends tightly together in exactly the same manner as for the short splice.

3. Keeping the two ends tightly together, unlay any strand from the right end, and lay in its groove the corresponding strand from the left end. lie careful to keep the strand tightly twisted as it is re-laid in the groove. Continue until all but about (5 in. of the re-laid strand is used (see Fig. 348B).

Fio. 317.~The short splice.

4. In the same manner, unlay a strand from the left end and lay in its place the corresponding strand from the right end.

5. The third pair of strands are left side by side in the center of the splice (see Fig. 348C).

6. All strands are then cut off to about 0 in. long, and all are woven or tucked into the rope as follows: Each strand is placed diagonally across the first strand of the standing part and tucked under the next (see Fig. 349). This is then repeated at least twice more, making at least three tucks for eaeh strand.

Fio. 317.~The short splice.


Fia 34S.—The long splice.

A-Strands crossed right

A-Strands crossed right

B-Strands crossed wrong

Fio. 349.—Method of tucking ends in finishing the long splice. Be sure the strands are crossed as shown at -4. and not; as shown at B. Each strand is then placcd over the first strand of the main rope and under the next. In the same manner the end ia tucked twice more, making at least three tucks in ail.

408. Replacing a Broken Strand.—A rope with one broken strand may be repaired by unlaying the broken strand 5 or 6 turns each way from the break, and then laying in its place a good strand from a rope of the same size. The ends of the new strand are joined to the ends of the broken strand and tucked in the same way as outlined for the long splice.

409. The eye splice is used in many places where a permanent loop is to be made on the end of a rope. It is made as follows:

1. Unlay the strands about five turns.

2. Place strand 1 under a strand of the standing part (see Fig. 350).

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Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

Woodworking Tools and Installation Tips

There are a lot of things that either needs to be repaired, or put together when youre a homeowner. If youre a new homeowner, and have just gotten out of apartment style living, you might want to take this list with you to the hardware store. From remolding jobs to putting together furniture you can use these 5 power tools to get your stuff together. Dont forget too that youll need a few extra tools for other jobs around the house.

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