Much research on the Neolithic of the Levant has justifiably concentrated on the earlier, PPN, stages, during which settled village life became a standard practice. It is only in recent years that a concentrated and systematic attempt has been made to thoroughly examine the later Neolithic, as exemplified by the PN. While we now know that older scenarios cf a deterioration of culture during the PN are undoubtedly overly simple, there is no denying that major changes occurred by the end of the Neolithic. The expiry cf the "PPNB interaction sphere"and subsequent development of ceramic-producing cultures was a major readjustment that contrasts sharply to the prosperity of the Late PPN. This clearly was a time of significant economic and settlement changes, and social systems also must have undergone radical modifications.

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