Figures And Architecture In The Taurus Ppnb

Although Gritille supplied little evidence for behavior associated with formal or public ritual within the Neolithic communities of southeastern Anatolia, two nearby and slightly earlier sites within the same cultural tradition do. Nevali Cori was excavated from 1983 to 1991 by a German team, led by Harald Hauptmann (1987,1988,1993,1997).Beneath the slopes of an eroding gully leading to the right bank of the Euphrates was found a village with substantial stone architecture that is contemporary with part of the Neolithic sequence at Gritille. Most of the Nevali Cori buildings were long grill- and cell-plan houses, similar to those found at other PPNB sites within the Taurus, especially to domestic structures at Cayonu (Hauptmann, 1988; 1993:Fig-ures 2-3a-c; compare with Ozdogan and Ozdogan 1990:Figures 1-2, Pl. I:2-4). The exceptions were a series of large square structure with elaborate interior fittings that the excavator rightly refers to as "cult buildings" (Hauptmann 1993:Figures 4-13). Gobekli Tepe, 4 km southeast of Sanliurfa, has been excavated by the German group since 1995 (Schmidt 1997). Stone sculpture fragments found on the surface appeared similar in style to finds at Nevali Cori and excavation revealed a settlement with another, equally spectacular public building.

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