whose tails curve up over her shoulders; her hands rest on their heads, showing her dominance over these fierce animals. In the main room of AII.1, clustered around a hearth, were seven seated and one standing clay figures, some quite beautifully modeled Kulagoglu 199233-39,42-43, cat. nos. 26-28, 30-33; Mellaart 1963:46,93, Figures 29-30, PI. XXIIIb-d). The seated figures are emphatically female and have swollen bellies that seem to me to indicate pregnancy rather than ample fat deposits.3 The standing figure has a blocky but not visibly pregnant body and is clothed; small breasts suggest a girl rather than a mature woman, and the spots on her upper garment suggest leopard skin. All but one of the figures in this group is missing its head, and this exception was broken at the neck and mended. Scars on the shoulders suggest the breakage was deliberate; in some cases part of the shoulders were removed with the head, so this is not a simple case of breakage at a weak point.
Taken together, the clay figures from structures AII. 1 can be interpreted as cult figures. Related clay figures extend back to level VI at Catal Hoyuk but are not common (Table 51, despite the fact that a far larger area of the site was excavated for VI than for later levels. The predominance of carefully modeled female figures continues in later central Anatolian settlements, and the form of the female clay figures from Catal is clearly similar to the larger and more diverse corpus from the slightly later occupation at Hacilar (Mellaart, 1970).
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