Biosafety Monitoring

• May contribute knowledge and experience in the use of organisms with novel traits

• Ranges from simple observation to extensive research studies

• Can be the responsibility of the "user" or an independent authority, organization, or body

• Can be used to verify assumptions made in a risk assessment

• Should be used to evaluate whether risk-management measures used are appropriate and effective.

—United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), 1996

ciples expected to be followed when developing a monitoring plan.

Voluntary compliance with monitoring programs (i.e., people did what they said they would do or what they were required to do) in the early days of field testing was encouraged by the notion that applications that incorporated monitoring into the experimental plan would be considered more favorably. Now, compliance with monitoring requirements is commonly ensured through reporting and follow-up field visits by regulatory authorities.

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