International Agreements

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB) is a legally binding international agreement negotiated under the auspices of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity. Its primary aim is to protect biodiversity by ensuring the safe and responsible "development, handling, use, transfer and release of any Living Modified Organism." The protocol addresses transboundary movement of living GMOs; it also applies to the use or trade of products derived from GMOs, such as grain processed into meal or flour, cotton fiber or seedcake, vegetable oils, or any processed food. Under the terms of the

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