What data are available to suggest that the introduced genetic trait has no deleterious effect in the long term upon the species into which it has been introduced or allied species or any other organisms or the environment in general

No data are available to determine the long-term impact of this GM sunflower on other species. However, the modification is expected to have a positive benefit to the plant and a negative benefit to fungi in the sunflower fields. Whether the modification results in increased weediness of the crop will need to be assessed in field trials. These cannot be carried out until some data are available on the rate of gene spread to related species (this trial). The effect on fungal populations also will be assessed in future field trials, but this impact is expected to be less than the current treatment, which requires the application of broad-spectrum fungicides onto seeds, soil, and sometimes crops.

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