Global production status

The first recognised output of farmed giant river prawn (M. rosenbergii) production recorded in FAO statistics ap-pearedin 1970 (FAO 2008), showing a production of 10 tby Mexico and less than 0.51 by Mauritius. By 1979 annual global production had risen above 11001; farming statistics were being reported to FAO by Brazil, Ecuador, French Polynesia, Guam, Honduras, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Myanmar, Thailand and the USA. By 1990, annual global production had risen above 20 000 t and many new countries were recording production. However, production then appeared to plateau, averaging 21 700 t/yr in the years 19911995 inclusive, with a low of 17 2001 in 1993 and a high of 26 6001 in 1991.

The high global figure in 1991 corresponded with the peak output from Taiwan (162001, nearly 61% of the global total). From 1992 to 2006 Taiwanese production was substantially lower (Chapter 17), falling to a low of less than 5500 t in 1993; however, since then there has been some recovery and, by 2003-2006, output seemed to have stabilised at around 10 000 t/yr.

A major expansion in the global output of farmed freshwater prawns first became obvious in the mid-1990s when China began to submit separate statistical returns for farmed M. rosenbergii (FAO 2008), showing that Chinese production had already exceeded 37 0001 by 1996. In the following decade, Chinese production of M. rosenbergii continued to increase, rapidly rising from about 55 500 t in 1997 to 111 3001 by 2001. Then production fell to 75 4001 in 2003 but has since risen substantially (Table 1.2). By 2007 China reported production to be over 124 5001 (FAO 2009) and some consequential adjustments to the estimated data for 1997-2006 have been made by the FAO (S. Montanaro andXiaowei Zhou, pers. comm. 2009). In addition, China

Table 1.2 Production (t) of farmed giant river prawns (M. rosenbergii) 1998-2007 (FAO 2009).

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How To Have A Perfect Boating Experience

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