Public-private sector partnerships take a wide variety of forms. In India, an Indian-Swiss project funded by the Swiss Development Corporation involves Swiss research institutes or universities, Indian public research institutes, and private Indian companies in research, development, and production of biofertilizers and biopesticides.
In Thailand a partnership between an industry consortium and BIOTEC, the national public biotechnology institute, brought about the development and commercialization of new molecular diagnostics for the control of virus diseases in shrimp.
The Papaya Biotechnology Network aims to produce transgenic papaya with resistance to papaya ringspot virus disease. Five Asian countries are involved: Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. The project encompasses research and capacity building for biosafety and intellectual property rights (IPR). It involves proprietary technologies brokered by the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA).
In the case of the International Rice Genome Sequencing Project, Monsanto has made its gene sequencing files and tools available to a ten-country consortium headed by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. The countries include Canada; Peoples' Republic of China (PRC); France; India; Republic of Korea; Taipei, China, Thailand; United Kingdom; and the United States. The project, which was completed in early 2001, will lead to better understanding of the genetic control of important factors such as yield, pest resistance, hybrid vigor, quality, and adaptability to different environments.
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