Botanical gardens and experimental stations

Botanical gardens provide for the protection of genetic materials, allowing scientists to monitor progress and control inventory while at the same time enabling some evolutionary processes to occur. At present, there are approximately 1,500 botanical gardens worldwide and the vast majority maintain ex situ collection (FAO, 1998). We use the term "experiment station" for research units that have plots and collections of plants (or animals), which they preserve and experiment with. In some cases, experiment stations are affiliated with botanical gardens, while in other cases they may collaborate with gene banks by displaying and experimenting with different types of species and varieties. Experiment stations can play a major role in analyzing the functions of genetic materials and in renewing and expanding the use of resources.

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