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Caribbean

Caribbean

Caribbean

Caribbean

sustainable farming practices may increase the competitiveness of landraces versus modern varieties. Decentralized breeding programs, niche market development, trademark or other schemes for tying quality or certain traits to source are some of the policy options. The diversity of a production system dominated by modern varieties can be enhanced through policies designed to encourage the release of more genetically diverse materials at a higher rate, where higher rates of release of modern varieties contribute to "diversity in time" (Duvick, 1984). Other policies might enhance the spatial diversity in modern systems by favoring greater numbers of more evenly distributed, genetically different varieties (Smale et al., 1999; Heisey et al., 1997).

Optimal investment strategy would require that precedence in the distribution of the funds be given to countries that do the best job at cataloging their varieties with information of use to breeders, given that the value of germplasm increases with the information associated with it. Of course, for this approach to be undertaken, less-developed countries (LDCs) would require technological assistance with database development, etc.5 In terms of mechanisms for distribution, the fund can support specific in situ conservation projects that are chosen by competition from an open call for conservation proposals.

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