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Figure 13-1. Global area of major transgenic crops from 1996 to 2003 (million hectares) Source: James (2003).

Figure 13-2. Global trends of transgenic crops in developing and industrial countries

Source: James (2003).

Figure 13-2. Global trends of transgenic crops in developing and industrial countries

Source: James (2003).

In 2003, the three most populous countries in Asia (China, India, and Indonesia) and the three largest economies in Latin America (Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico) are all officially growing GM crops. However, there remain a large number of developing countries with low technical capacity and their vast resource-poor farmers whose lives remain untouched by innovation. The call by the seven national academies of sciences for the development of GM crops to benefit poor farmers in developing countries remains to be fulfilled (NAS, 2000).

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