Introduction of precision and information technologies for the management of biodiversity

Some of the major problems with biodiversity conservation and management may be better addressed with applications of precision technologies. By-catch, the destruction of nontarget species by fishermen, is a major environmental side effect in fisheries. Similarly, forest clearcutting is a major cause of biodiversity loss. Adoption of more refined harvesting technologies may reduce these side effects and, thus, result in higher levels of biodiversity preservation. However, both the development and adoption of such technologies may not occur, at least in a socially optimal manner, unless financial incentives are introduced. These may include subsidization of research and technology adoption as well as penalties and regulations on harvesting technologies that damage the environment. Monitoring and enforcement of such incentives provide a significant challenge, but taking advantage of emerging technologies in remote sensing can solve some of the technological aspects.

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