Introduction

Chapter 9 focused on indicators for funding conservation activities. This chapter discusses the economics of the distribution of funds from the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture— hereafter denoted by IT—discussed earlier in the book. While economic benefits accruing from the distribution of these funds for conservation

The views contained herein are those of the author and do not necessarily represent policies or views of the Economic Research Service or United States Department of Agriculture.

activities are almost impossible to ascertain, political pressures motivate this distribution to be made. The question then becomes what is the most economically efficient method of distributing the funds among countries or among world regions, given the available data. The rest of this chapter is organized as follows. Section 2 is an overview of the economics of investment in Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA) conservation. In Section 3, a proxy indicator for regional allocation of conservation funds is developed. Section 4 addresses mechanisms for in situ conservation. The last section is a discussion and conclusion.

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