Knowledge banks

Knowledge about the functioning of ecological, agricultural, and biological systems are also major objectives of biodiversity conservation programs, and conservation systems need to be designed with mechanisms to obtain, preserve, and distribute such knowledge. As mentioned above, some knowledge conservation programs are integrated with other forms of conservation, such as with community seed bank programs. In other cases knowledge banks are being set up to allow for wider distribution networks. The Center for Indigenous Knowledge for Agriculture and Rural Development (CIKARD) at Iowa State University is one such example. CIKARD focuses its activities on preserving and using the local knowledge of farmers and other rural people around the globe. The goal is to collect indigenous knowledge and make it available to development professionals and scientists (http://www.ciesin.org/IC/ cikard/ CIKARD actprog.html). Nineteen other centers for the preservation and documentation of indigenous knowledge have been set up at regional and national levels.

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