The multiple objectives of resource conservation, and the uncertainty associated with their performance and outcome, has led to the development of a wide range of practices for promoting the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity. They differ according to the degree of human intervention in the natural system, ranging from the highly managed ex situ gene and seed banks to undisturbed wilderness areas. In this section we describe some major forms of conservation, while in the following section mechanisms for their financing are discussed. Any one system of conservation and sustainable use may adopt combinations of methods with other elements that will allow learning or produce other benefits associated with the conservation efforts.
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