The IHcSherry Shoe Drill

CO., Widdletown, 0. A team of horses could plant 20 continuous rows of grain with this 19th century drill. Farm Implement News, 1897 seed and close the trench on the seed after it falls. On old drills, a smalt length of chain drags behind each disc to aid in covering the seeds. The seeds are actually planted in rows, just inches apart, and when the grain gets to be about six inches high the plants grow together, giving the impression of a solid stand. Normally, you can save...

Avia Village Concept

Editor's note The American Village Institute, teaching the dying skills and concept of elf-sufficiency, is a source of hand- and foot-operated tools made from traditional designs and materials. In many ways the American Village Institute is perhaps the most unusual nonprofit research and educational organization currently active in the field of alternatives. Young, but rapidiy growing, the AVI was begun in early 1975 by a small group of dedicated villagers who saw the need for a comprehensive...

Animal Drawn Harrows

Each section has 15 teeth arranged in five rows. The section weighs 19 kilograms and its working width is 70 centimeters. One or two sections can be used at a time. Massey-Ferguson (South Africa), Ltd. Steel Rd., P.O. Box 677 Vereeniging 1930, South Africa Four types of tooth link are available. These harrows are suitable for preparing seedbeds, covering seeds and fertilizers with soil, spreading farmyard manure, and killing weeds in growing corn. William Aitkenhead, Ltd. Stamford Works, Lees,...

Organized Felling

We're going out into the woods to fell a good number of beetle-killed Fonderosa pine trees. The trees are standing dead and are grouped pretty much together, on the side of a slope facing the road but a good distance away. We want to move the trees as little as possible, and we want to fell them so they'll be easy to limb and buck into loading-sized logs. We'll start cutting at the edge of the trees closest to the road, and we'll use one or more of the trees as a workbench for limbing all the...

Mechanization Of Farming Under Plastic Tunnels

Editor's note This information is extracted from a letter written to the editor by Dr. Y. Atper, who is with the Institute of Agricultural Engineering in Bet Dagun, Israel. The method of growing in low, plastic tunnels has become very popular in the Israeli agriculture over the last few years. Its main advantage is an early crop of fresh vegetables on the market. Our Institute started working on the mechanization of this method a few years ago. The synchronized plastic mulching and planting...

Tillers Work Is Never Done

After the leaves h .e been spread on the garden along with the plant residues, horse manure, rock powders, and other soil amendments it's time to get out the rotary tiller. The tiller chops them into the top eight inches or so of the soil where plant roots do their foraging and the humus and nutrients do the most good. The tiller is thus the organic gardener's basic humus-building tool, but it is also a lot more. If you're approaching a weed- and shrub-infested or sodded piece of ground for the...

Composting As A Manure Management System

Editor's note Richard Thompson was born and raised on his present farmstead, consisting of 300 acres outside Boone, Iowa. He graduated from Iowa State University with a B.S. in Animal Husbandry and an M.S. in Animal Production. Composting, in my opinion, is a sensible, practical, economical way to deal with animal waste on the farm. My reasons for starting to compost followed the same pattern as my reasons for changing to organic farming back in 1967, namely problems. Back then I was on a...

Dsb

Preface Introduction Chapter I A Picture of the Small Fanner Today Chapter 2 Tools for Cultivation Chapter The Continuing Rjle of Draft Animals Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Equipment for Seeding and Chapter 6 Harvesting Equipment Chapter 7 Cleaning Grains and Chapter 8 Processing Equipment Chapter 9 Tools for Adding Organic Matter to the Chapter 10 Woodlot and Orchard Chapter 11 Livestock Equipment Chapter 2 Tools for Fish Fanning 71 Appendix A North American Manufacturers and Appendix B International...

Spading

To turn the soil over, a spading fork is usually belter than a round-pointed shovel, chough both are adequate. To spade, dig a trench about the deptli of the shovel blade or fork tines itie depth to which you can easily plunge a spade), t he dirt ting out is put in the wheelbarrow and wheeled lo the ether end of the plot to be spaded. It will be used to fill in the last trend',. To spade, diq a trench about the depth of the shovel blade, pul I'ne dirl in a wheelbarrow, find save il to fill in...

Harvesiing Nuts

Anyone who owns several nut trees or has planted a small crop of groundnuts has no doubt been confronted with problems at harvest time. The equipment necessary for small enterprises simply is not readily available. Harvesting a nut crop may require hours of back-breaking labor to collect the nuts by hand or a substantial financial investment to purchase the large machinery designed for commercial ventures. We found only two devices which gather fallen nuts from under trees and spare the...

Plans For OxDrawn Tie RidgerWeeder Implement Attachment to Emcot Ridging Plow

This attachment was developed by the International Development Center in Zaria, Nigeria to allow ridged row crops to be weeded by animal power rather than by hand. The plow, with weeding attachment, can be pulled by one or two oxen. Tool standards can be adjusted for height, and also for width according to the row spacing. The weeding knives should be run close to the plants without damaging the roots, and should dig deep enough to cut down the sides of the ridges. The ridges are re-formed by...

North American Sources Of Walking Tractors

At first glance, one can hardly take this stocky trail bike seriously .as a useful farm implement. But after serious study, it is obvious that die Mototractor is a two-wheeled, two-wheel drive, dual-purpose power unit designed to handle all the usual farm chores with the same hearty determination of any tractor while providing an expedient, rugged means of transportation as well. be useful, a farm tool must be able to till more land than the space it needs to turn around in, a problem with...

Harrow Improvisation

By Rob Johnston, Johnny's Selected Seeds There is a tool often called a Scotch Harrow, a fencelike grid of chain, which is tractor-drawn to level a seedbed. Well, I'd wanted one for years but never felt we could afford it. Anyway, we now achieve just about the same effect by attaching a large old barn beam behind the disc harrow with a towing chain. The beam drags along behind the disc, leveling out high spots and filling in the ruts left at the edge of the harrow. If we need a really perfect...

Also Tank Lugs

Crowder Peas Shell

Pea Shelter shells all kinds of peas and beans blackeye, purple hull, small crowder, cream peas, English peas, sweet peas, and the harder-to-shell limas and butter beans. Available from Mr. Pea Shelter P.O. Box 29153-B Dallas, TX 75229 R.E. Tenney 8c Associates The Mr. Pea Shelter shells all kinds of peas and beans blackeye, purple hull, small crowder, cream peas, English peas, sweet peas, and the harder-to-shell limas and butter beans. Available from Mr. Pea Shelter P.O. Box 29153-B...

Farming Organically With Noplow Tillage

How Break Hardpan

After 27 years of organic farming, the Munch family in Michigan has developed a unique combina-tion of green manuring and no-plow tillage to stop erosion and grow better crops. They're building humus, high-quality soil, on a sandy, hill farm. To incorporate the lush growths of sorghum-sudaii grass, the solid-stand corn, and buck wheat, Bill Mtmdl uses a heavy, offset disc. It almost seems to work miracle's in the sandy ground. Two passes, the second at right angles to the first, over a jungle...

Sources Of Harvesting Plows

I.D.C.-Bornu Groundnut Lifter and I T. Groundnut Lifter Plans The I.D.C.-Bornu Groundnut Lifter was originally developed in a joint USAID Ministry of Agriculture project at Maiduguri for the savanna area of northern Nigeria. This tool was later introduced by the I.D.C.-Zaria for manufacture by local blacksmiths, and it was more recently adapted for local manufacture at the I.T.D.G. Project at Magoye, Zambia. The lifters have no sifting tines but were designed spe cifically for groundnut raising...

Raking

Once forage crops are cut and allowed to dry, they have to be gathered. The Rake Factory in Suffolk, England is still making hay rakes by hand, along with their handmade wooden scythe snaths. Wide, lightweight wooden rakes with long pegs for teeth are used for raking by hand. An early method of hay collection was a ground-driven, animal-drawn contraption with raking arms which carried hay up a primitive (but clever) type of conveyor and dropped it onto a wagon. Today, baling is popular but most...

Should You Invest In Foreign Machinery

At the international level, attachments for two- and four-wheel tractors are not difficult to locate. Each manufacturer generally offers a full line of implements to fit hts machinery, including even the unfamiliar power take-off tools for wind rowing, harvesting, and pumping as explained in earh chapter of this book. In North America, the latter are not always so easy to come by, but three companies do carry the basic tools required for plowing, cultivating, and seeding with small tractors....

Sources Of Root Cutters

The 1H inch, cast-iron disc ol this hand-operated cutter is mounted on a 1 inch diameter shaft. Cutter teeth .re of a heavy-gauge stainless steel. The basic frame is made of oak, the hc'pper of alder or Western maple. The unit weighs approximately 75 pounds and measures 40 by 24 hy 36 inches. This unit is made of cast iron, lias a cutting cylinder measuring 200 by 380 millimeters, and has a Uywheel diameter of ( 00 mill'.ncters tor a haml-powered operation. Weight 100 kilograms. Of Polish...

Combine Harvesters

As the name implies, a combine harvester-thresher performs the multiple operations of harvesting and threshing a crop in a single pass over the field, the sequence of operations being cutting, conveying to the threshing mechanism, threshing, winnowing, cleaning, and finally, eith kannin r p iln 1 , irtT UA rr V- a bin, and from there to a trailer or truck alongside the machine. Because each of these separate operations are performed at the same time in a combine harvester, the resulting machine...

Safim CSS Cultivator

This is an easily handled, all-steel cultivator for use with small draft animals. Two adjustable shovels, 5yz inches (140 millimeters) and 7 inches (178 millimeters), are standard equipment. Weight 31 kilograms (68 pounds). Massey-Ferguson (South Africa), Ltd. Steel Rd., P.O. Box 677 Vereeniging 1930, South Africa Mohinder & Co. Allied Industries This five-tine cultivator is constructed of steel and can be adjusted from 300 millimeters to 635 millimeters width. It is fitted with hardened...

International Sources Of Rearmounted Tillers

A 7 h.p., two-stroke engine supplies power through one front wheel to drive this tiller. Hooded tillers are available in nine different working widths, and depth is adjustable. It is particularly suited for closely spaced rows. Three-speed tooth wheel gearing is shifted from the handlebar. Its weight is 80 pounds, and provisions are available for adding front weight. Attachments include a ridger, a leaf protector, and a cultivator. Agria-Werke Gmbh 7108 Moeckmuehl Germany Three models are...

Weed Control Tillage

The old saying, There are as many opinions on a subject as there are people thinking about it, holds fairly true for weed cultivators. The spring in the spring tooth protects the tool when it hits a hard object. The spring in the spring tooth protects the tool when it hits a hard object. There seein to be as many different kinds as there have been farmers who like to tinker, Some blades are shovel-shaped, some spear-shaped, some almost identical to the teeth of a spring-tooth harrow, some...

Roto Hoe

Roto-Hoes come with tillers mounted either in the rear or up front. A 6 h.p. Tecumseh engine powers the gear transmission with four forward speeds and one reverse. Attachments include a Cut-N-Shred shredder, a snowthrower, and a hiller-marker tool. The Roto-Hoe Co. Department 2 Newbury, OH 44065 Modeled after a Belgian tiller but manufactured in the United States is the Herter Model 1100 rear-end tiller. The transmission is worm gear driven and powered by a 6 h.p., four-cycle engine. The...

Homemade Jab Planter

The Cumberland Plant Setter Cumbcrlami General Store The Cumberland Plant Setter is a heavy tin tank with a chute grooved and soldered to assure sturdy construction. High-carbon steel shovels with large, curved flanges rake the earth over the roots. It sets, waters, and covers tomato, tobacco, pepper, cabbage, sweet potato, strawberry, and other slip plants in one operation. Shipping weight is 12 pounds, height is 30 inches, and the diameter of the funnel chute is 4i a incites. Cumberland...

Assorted Tractor Attachments

Dig Pond With Rear Tractor Scoop

A number of tools and implements for the small farm tractor are available for miscellaneous farm tasks which do not fall comfortably under one heading. We thought it would suffice to illustrate these implements with only one representative photograph and descriptive caption since differences between manufacturer's models are slight and because often the function is quite familiar. A middlebuster, designed for the large garden or small farm, gives a full 12 or 15-inch cut. Two-row models are...

Walking Plow

Comes in three sizes ranging from 24 kilograms to 31 kiiograms in weight. Agroiaet-Unia Foreign Trade Enterprise 00-950 Pmemyslowa 26 Warsaw, Poland This horse-drawn walking plow is intended for use in light- and medium-cohesive soils in small fields and gardens. They are also recommended for plowing wedges and other intricate field shapes. Weight 37 kilograms. Agroinet-U nia Foreign Trade Enterprise 00-950 Przemyslowa 26 Warsaw, Poland This moldboard plow...

Gold In The Trees

Two years ago, my neighbor and devised a system that yields three gallons of maple syrup every year from a total investment of under 12 dollars. If we can do it, anyone can. Boiling your own maple syrup is surprisingly easy. And when that syrup is free, boiled during the first hint of spring in your own backyard, you know you're living well. Sugar sap is manufactured by maple leaves all summer long, then stored for the winter in the roots. The following year, that sugar supplies a ready-made...

What To Look For In A Chain

The first important rule in chain saw shopping is look for a nationally known brand and don't spend too much money. You can buy a good saw for under 150 for work around the homestead or farm woodlot. It should last for years if cared for properly. You'll find models where the chain runs when the motor does, and models that have a centrifugal clutch so you can run the motor without running the cutting chain. The latter kind provides a measure of safety. Some models have self-oiling features,...

Composting

Manure spreaders are still a necessary tool on the organic farm, but increasingly they are being used to spread composted manures and other organic wastes. Composting is the biological process of decomposition during which wastes are broken down into their basic chemical parts and made ready to be used again in building another plant. The product is called humus. With the proper microorganisms present in the soil, humus will evolve by simply applying organic wr.stes to the soil surface....

By Gene Logsdon

If American business is really interested 11 satisfying my needs, I haven't seen a whole lot of proof. I never needed or wanted these gas-hogging, chrome-laden, corner-lurching monsters Detroit built for ine for so many years. For their error, our car makers had to watch Volkswagen take all that money away from them with an ugly little car Detroit thought Americans were too dumb to buy. The tractor makers haven't learned their lesson yet, it seems. I don't doubt that those new 20 to 30...

Mulching

Mulching is an important technique employed by the organic farmer for maintaining weed control, retaining of soil moisture, and increasing the amount of organic matter or humus present, hence improving the soil's tilth. Specially adapted laivn mowers are good for chopping grasses and weeds for mulch on a small scale. But we know of only one source of equipment for applying mulch on a serious scale. FMC Corp., Outdoor Power Equipment Div. 215 S. Park St. Rotary Mulching Mower Conversion Plans...

Sources of animaldrawn Roller Threshers

Olpad Thresher

This roller is tapered so that it can easily be pulled round in circles over the crop by the animals. Dandekar Brothers Engineers & Founders Sangli, Maharashtra, India This unit has serrated discs 450 millimeters (IS inches) in diamet er, and an angle iron frame. Discs are mounted on a steel shaft and cast-iron spools keep them in position A seat with a back, footrests, and back and front guards are provided for the operator's safety. An extra raking attachment can be fitted for stirring...

International Sources Of Moldboard Plows

SYNDICAT DE L'OUTILLAGE AGRICOLE ET HORTICOLE Challenging the moldboard plow tor ue lead in farmer popularity, especially in hilly ami dry country, is the chisel plow or the very similar field, cultivator, sometimes called simply the digger. This plow consists of sets ol curved unes or small shovels which dig up the soil to depth of 2 to 18 inches, loosening and lifting it, but not turning it over like a moldhoard plow does. The chisels are shaped in an arc, something like the letter C so that...

Bouyer Tractor Type TE

Made in France, the Bouyer Type TE is a tractor built for function and simplicity. An air-cooled, diesel, four-stroke engine with either one or two cylinders, it comes in sizes varying from 14 to 20 horsepower. Wheel tread can vary from 1.410 to 1.800 meters. The V-belt transmission provides two speed ranges, high and low, for three forward speeds and one range of three reverse speeds. A wooden front platform pro- vides space for carrying a small load (500 kilograms maximum) without a trailer...

Sources Of Poweroperated Silage Choppers

This model cuts 11 kinds ot forages into lengths varying from 4 to millimeters. It will throw the cut product to a height of 10 meters while the adjustable outlet allows it to be deposited in any preselected place, Irmaos Nogueira S.A. Rua 15 De Novembro, 781 Gaixa Postal, 7 Itapira, Fist. Sao Paulo, Brazil Atlas Fitted with forward, stop, and reverse action and controlled by a safety stopping lever, the Atlas comes supplied with two pairs of change wheels which will cut a range of lengths from...

Sources Of Corn Harvesters

New Idea One-Row Snapper and Superpicker New Idea offers two corn pickers which can be operated with a minimum of a 35 or 40 h.p. tractor, with power to spare for pulling a loaded wagon behind. The picker removes husks but leaves kernels on the cob while the snapper leaves husks on as well. The picker weighs 2,400 pounds, the Snapper less than 2,000 pounds. AVCO Corp., New Idea Farm Equipment Div. First & Sycamore Coldwater, OH 45828 KMN Single-Row Corn Chopper Model MBJ The model MBJ...

Grinding And Crushing Equipment

In processing a crop for either human or animal consumption, it is generally necessary to reduce its size by either grinding or crushing it. This process is useful for correct feeding of livestock, since it increases the digestibility or palat-ability of the crop and also facilitates mixing it with other constituents of the feed. There are three basic kinds of mills used to crush or grind the harvest (1) burr mills with either stone or steel burr plates, (2) roller mills, and (3) hammer mills....

The Tinkering Farmer

Homade Potatoe Diggers

Curtis Johns of Upper Sandusky, Ohio has built himself a small potato digger and he hopes to go into production soon. He fashioned it after a traditional design from spare and older parts to custom fit a category 0 or 1 three-point hitch on a tractor with M or more horsepower, Johns' family and his daughter's family plant four or five acres of potatoes each year for their own personal use and a few more for sale. Such a large project called for something more...

The Buffalo

The Buffalo is an outgrowth of a little tractor Vern Schtcld invented in 1963 called the Self-Helper. It was developed to aid emerging nations in their transition Irom muscle to machine power. Self-Help, inc., manufacturer of these tractors, is a nonprofit organization that only sells outside the United States. The Waverly Tractor Company in Iowa modified the -Self-Helper design to meet United States safety standards and now produces their model, the Buffalo, for sale here. They use recycled...

Kanpur Cultivator

Kanpur Cultivator

This is a long-beam, three-lined cultivator which can be adjusted from 275 to 375 millimeters width. Sharda Engineering Works 105 661D, Fahimabad Kanpur 208 005, India The working width of this cultivator can be easily adjusted and the blades remain parallel at all width settings. Weight 21 kilograms. P.O. Box 8, Ibaraki City Osaka Pref. 567, Japan This is a three-tine cultivator, made of steel with long wooden beam and single handle. The shovels are made of high carbon steel and are...

By Kennedy P Maize

You can buy good used homestead tools at very low prices at auctions. Often you can find tools there that you can't find anywhere else. In the course of a single year, I've purchased the following items at the following fantastic prices A 20-inch Sears chain saw for 59 A 7.6-horsepower Gravely tractor with electric starter for 200 A perfect scythe, including snath and grass blade, for 8 An assortment of digging irons for 33 A five-gallon metal gas can for 2.50 A brand new four-drawer...

Is

simple feeder will cut down on waste by preventing scattering. simple feeder will cut down on waste by preventing scattering. x 24 x 2 4 Pine 3 i x 38 x 2i t Pine 3 4 x 21 x 214 Pine x 37 x 214 Pine 44 x 28 Aluminum or Plastic Screening confined within a flouting wooden square. Stir-t'ace-fcedmg ftsh 'hoil* the water as they scramble for food fish occupying different feeding niches are satisfied with food distributed at different depths on the screen. It is necessary to weight the screened...

Info

BE UVA1S ET ROBIN, ETS. ' ' X X BE UVA1S ET ROBIN, ETS. ' ' X X Well sure, you say, those tools are great for European farmers who have (he manufacturer next door and can get parts and service with no problem. What about small farmers in the United States who can't wait to send for a part overseas Taking seriously the small-scale farming market and the skepticism against investing in foreign equipment, some companies (like Kubota and Pasquali* for instance) are setting out to solve that...

Sources Of Powerdriven Shelling Machinery

In the CeCoCo sheller, threshed and cleaned peanuts are shelled by a revolving beater mechanism. After being run through the machine, unshelled and shelled peanuts are separated with a fan and screen. Unshelled nuts should go back in the implement until shelling is complete. Breakage of kernels is between 2 and 3 percent. Four model types are available using 1, 2, or 3 h.p. motors and with outputs of 120 to 420 kilograms per hour depending on the model. P.O. Box 8, Ibaraki City Osaka Pref. 567,...

North American Sources Of Forage Mowers And Harvesters

Kenco Sickle Mower

Made for operation from the power take off shafts of 20 h.p. tractors or less, the Sickle Mo makes a 4-foot cut with a ftdi 3-inch stroke of the blade. Power is governed by a convenient clutch lever which actuates the drive belt, A full- lloaling action to the self-adjusting cutting 'war keeps the blade level close to the ground. A swing back device permits the bar to move back instantly upon hitting a solid object. Haban Mfg. Co. 2100 Northwestern Ave. Racine, WI 53404 Cutting bars on the Jari...

The Howard Rotavator

The Howard Rotavator is a line tilling tool available for the small- to medium-sized vegetable grower. It allows you to prepare a seedbed in conditions which would be impossible for other types of tractor-powered or horse-drawn equipment, provides an incomparable seedbed, aerates soil, incorporates crop residues, and so forth. It very well may be used for cultivating, bed forming, and other operations, and may be coupled with planters or drills for one-pass tillage and planting. I have found...

The Handcranked Droadcast Seeder

A further refinement of the horn, the broadcast seeder hangs by a strap over the shoulder. Seed in the canvas bag or metal hopper flows through an adjustable hole in the bottom onto a distributing fan which is powered by a hand crank. The fan spreads the seed evenly over the ground. Adjustments let you alter your seeding rate to suit the crop. But remember that the speed with which you walk and turn the crank will also vary the seeding rate considerably. You have to learn to walk and crank...

The Indian Five Tine Sweep Cultivator Plans

Cultivator Plans

Dry farming areas where soil moistur conservation and soil erosion control are essential will benefit from this implement. The tool standards are staggered to allow crop residue and cut weed growth to remain on the soil surface. This cultivator can be used for primary tillage, seedbed preparation, weed control, and inter-row cultivation. The rigid steel frame can be built with additional toolbars to permit greater trash clearance. Above three plans available from Intermediate Technology...

Machinery Economizing And Antiquing On The Small Farm

Schuyler and Rita Case are self-sutficient farmers from Sharon, Wisconsin. The Cases typify a special breed of small farmer in the United States today. They have farmed all their lives, both having grown up on Illinois farms. Schuyler Case explained their farming operation The two of us work our farm .lone. We have S5 head of Holstein cattle. 30 for milking. Our miik has been purchased by a local co-op ior more than ten years. Our corn and soybean crops are sold through the local elevators. We...

Forage Crops

The forage harvester has been developed fairly recently for collecting grasses or other forage crops from the field in their green stage to be used later for making either silage or artificially tried feed. Earlier models of a field forage harvester consisted of a stationary chopper-blower mounted behind a reciprocating mower or behind a pickup reel for collecting previously mown grass. Power to the chopper-blower was provided either by an independently mounted engine or through the power...

International Sources Of Tillers

FRONT-END S c . amp SS W g AND H 2 3 2 5 S h S 2 S ATTACHMENTS TINES- gS SSSShgoaS i FMC-Bolens power unit and tiller with options pneumatic tires, harrow, hiller and furrower, cultivator. FMC-Bolens FMC-Bolens power unit and tiller with options pneumatic tires, harrow, hiller and furrower, cultivator. FMC-Bolens Snapper tiller with fcounterclockwise pneumatic tires, scraper blade, slasher tines3 cultivatorfharrow, and furrower. The Magna Chore Master with bolo tines Magna Corp, Snapper tiller...

Singleaxle Tillers And Tractors

A great variety of single-axle, sometimes called two-wheel, walking, or pedestrian tractors is available. The smaller models generally have a single-driven shaft which can be fitted either with rotary cultivator blades or with wheels for pulling trailers and trailed implements. Larger models often have a pair of driving wheels and an independently controlled drive for rotary cultivating. Engines usually run on gasoline in the smaller sizes and use diesel fuel in larger sizes. Transmission...

Single Nut Nutcrackers

Homesteaders

Designed to crack any size nuts except hickory nuts or hard-shell walnuts, this r,heller locks and cracks them automatically. Kernels and shells fall out for rapid repeats, and the safety shield protects the operator from Hying shell particles, This electrically operated device requires 110 volts and 00 cycle alternating current, The cracker is guaranteed for 1 year, and has an estimated life of 10,000 pounds of nuts. L.H. Powell 8647 Wingate Drive Dallas, TX 75209 Made of oak and aluminum,...

Poweroperated Silage Cutters

The feeding mechanism of the power-operated silage cutler does not differ much from the hand-operated type, although the cutting mechanism itself may differ a bit. Two types of This model has ly gt gt inch by 2y4 inch knives, and a large flywheel. R. Hunt a Co., Ltd. Atlas Works, Earls Cohic Colchester, Essex COfi 2EP, U.K. This unit has a cast-iron body and base plate with semisteel gearing. Four adjustable blades are mounted on a 4.50 millimeter hand-cranked flywheel. It weighs 13 kilograms...

Howard

Images Howard Bantam Rotovator

The Howard Rotovator Company specializes in heavier commercial tillers, both walking and tractor-drawn models. They call them rotova-tors. The larger hand-controlled Gem model is available in varying widths of 20, 24, or 30 inches. A smaller unit, the 350, comes in 16- and 23-inch widths. The transmission on the Gem has three forward and one safety reverse speed with a maximum forward speed of 2.32 mph. Each model is equipped with double wheels for added traction and a depth control wheel ad...

Felling Small Trees

Notching Tree For Felling

There are two basic cutting operations involved with felling any tree. These operations may be altered or complicated by the size of the tree, the lay of the land, and the required direction of fall. These two operations, the notch, or directional cut, and the felling out, or back cut, are done somewhat differently with a chain saw than with an axe. The notch determines Notching a small tree. Allis-Chahners Notching a small tree. Allis-Chahners ana controls the direction of the tree's fall. The...

International Sources Of Hand Cultivation Tools

5 f S lt gt W 5 ft H ft S gt MOHINDER amp CO. ALLIED INDUSTRIES SELF-SUFF. amp SMALL-HOLDING SUPPLIES Used to scarify the top layer of soil, the Garden Weasel is comprised of three pairs of eight-pronged metal wheels. The wheels are removable, and the unit may be used with one, two, or three sets for cultivating different-sized rows. The Garden Weasel at toork f aultless Starch Hon Ami Co, The Garden Weasel at toork f aultless Starch Hon Ami Co, A real cultivation time-saver for small-sized...

Sources of chain saw accessories

They are manufacturers of chain saw drill attachments. Balmain, N.S.W., Australia 2041 Bailey Mail-order suppliers of chain saws, tools, and accessories, they also have a logger's job service. Formerly known as Nielson, they are manufacturers of home and shop electric saw chain grinders, carb-cutter attachments, and chain saw related machines. Bell Industries, Saw and Machine Div. 3390 W. 11th Ave., P.O. Box 2510 Eugene, OR 97402 This company markets a chain saw sharpening jig- Brookstone's...

The 6l0be Mower

An animal-drawn, ground-driven mower with mechanical lift. The Implement Age, 1894 An animal-drawn, ground-driven mower with mechanical lift. The Implement Age, 1894 BUILT IN FOUR SIZES 4 ft. 3 In., 4 ft. 6 In., S ft. nd 6 ft. out. a. The mower can be a trailing unit behind the tractor and the power to the reciprocating knives is then provided by the tractor engine through the power take-olf PTO shaft. b. The mower can be mounted on the tractor 1. at the rear of the three-point linkage, and is...

Farmscale Mills

The hand-operated grinding stone, the earliest grinding device used on the farm, some-whst resembled a mortar and pestle in form. It consisted of two pieces of stone roughly cut in the shape of flat discs. The top disc was rotated by hand over the stationary bottom disc, and the material to be ground was fed through the space between the two discs. The old-time grist mill driven by water, wind, or mule power is a good example of a mechanized version of the grinding wheel. The modern burr-stone...

Fixed Moldboard Plow

Homesteaders

Pulled by one pair of bullocks, it plows a furrow 8 to 20 centimeters deep and 12 to 22 centimeters wide. Weight 36 kilograms. New Vijay Industries, Ltd. Vishrambag, Sangli 416 415 Maharashtra, India This plow consists of a one-piece forged beam, soil-engaging parts of heat-treated steel, steel handles, depth control wheel, and draft chain. Weight 23.3 kilograms. Soci t Des Forges Tropicals B.P. 706 These are short-beamed, chain-drawn plows and can be supplied wit It wooden frame Raja or all...

Tools Not Machines

Throughout the compilation of this book, we have selected the tool over the machine. The difference may be clear-cut in our minds, but not always so distinct in reality, since one and the same product may be a tool or machine, depending upon who is using it nd how it is being used. A brush in the hand of an artist is a tool. The printing roller that duplicates his painting a billion times into a wallpaper pattern is a machine. There is nothing wrong with a wallpaper machine though wouldn't it...

Windrowers And Binders

Harvesting Grain Hand

A windrow is a heaped row of cut vegetation. Grasses are raked into windrows to dry Hand-tied sheaves are stacked in shocks to dry in the field. before baling or storage. Delivering grain stalks neatly into a windrow as they are cut with a scythe and grain cradle facilitates bundling and eliminates the need for raking when harvesting by hand. Stalks are later tied into small bunches called sheaves which in turn are stacked and tied, butt end down, in larger bundles called shocks to allow grain...

North AmeriCan Sources Of Garden Tractors

American Standard Garden Tractors

There are literally dozens of lawn and garden tractors which are available with attach sweep cultivator, rotary tiller, 12-inch single-row riitger, single-row planter, fertilizer hopper, transplanter, and tilt-top cargo trailer. Weight 905 xnmds. Custom Products, Inc. 4232 Roosevelt Rd. Steveusville, MI 49127 Another air-cooled, four-stroke diesel tractor similar in size to the Ford 1600 is the Belarus 250. It has a standard three-point hitch with drawbar, rear PTO and side-mounted power shaft,...

Cleaning km Grading

Four Functions Seed

Specially designed cleaning and grading machines can improve the quality of a sample grain to a considerable extent beyond the capabilities of the winnower. There are several reasons why such high-quality grain is desirable 1 Grain required for seed purposes should be clean and uniform 2 Removing weed seeds means that cultivation of the growing crop will be less costly 3 An increased yield can be obtained from using cleaned and graded grains for seed purposes 4 Seed-drilling machines perform...

The Care And Feeding Of Twocylinder John Deere Tractors

The big, green, two-cylinder John Deeres of the pre-Worid War II years stand almost in a class by themselves as models of appropriate technology. They were built with one goal in mind to perform the jobs for which they were intended as simply and economically as possible. The two-cylinder John Deere is a fine example of form strictly following function. With its low compression ratio, it seems to run on just about anything. That little tank behind the main tank is for gasoline to start the...

Catalog Of Hardtofind Implements And Equipment

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Root Crops

Root crops like potatoes, cassava, and sweet potatoes, wliich form their fruits under the soil, are usually grown in small acreages so the high cost of specialised harvesting equipment is not justified by the amount of labor saved or the increase in output. However, a number of universal root-harvesting machines have been developed which can be used for a number of similar crops with only minor modifications to some of the parts. This way, the capital cost of the harvesting machine can be...

HflffRl Bp

Sweeney Feeder Sweeney Enterprise1 , Int. Sweeney Feeder Sweeney Enterprise1 , Int. Farm Pond Hatvett Fecder Farm Pond Harvest Farm Pond Hatvett Fecder Farm Pond Harvest This feeder utilizes both floating and sinking iisli feeds, A floating ring contains floating feed, .nut a plastic feeding uav suspended under this ikutiug tin holds the sinking feed. This uav prevents the sinking feed from falling to the bottom of if 10 pond. Bluegtll may teach bass to rat from the feeder, helping with the...

Pasquali USA

The Italian-built Pasquali is a 19.9 h.p. one-cylinder, four-wheel-drive, four-stroke, diesel tractor with articulated steering. Models with 24, 29 and 34 h.p. are also available. The transmission employs a sliding-type key gear with synchronizer supplying nine forward and three reverse speeds. The PTO has two speeds but it Pasquali Four-Wheel-Drive Tractor Pasquali U.S.A., Inc. on also be synchronized with all tractor speeds. Supplied with both a two- and three-point linkage, the hitches can...

Equipment For Incorporating Sewage Sludge And Animal Manures Into The Soil

Sewage Equipment

Professor of Agricultural Engineering, Rutgers Uni-v iiy. New Brunswick, New Jersey For centuries, man has applied animal manures and human sewage to the soil to improve crop production. The principal technique was to spread it on the land and then work it into the soil. With the expanding population, depletion of our natural resources, and intolerable pollution of the atmosphere and hydrosphere, there is an urgent need for techniques to recycle biodegradable wastes into the upper horizon of...

Lister Big Claw Harrows

These flexible chain harrows can be rolled up and easily handled by one man, the sections being of 1.22 meter width. Various link types are available for use on arable land and grassland. R.A. Lister Agricultural, Ltd. Dursley Model S51 is adjustable from 24 inches 610 millimeters to 42 inches 1,067 millimeters wide. It is fitted with two reversible shares in front, two reversible moldboard hitters, a 10-inch 254 millimeter sweep at the rear, and two spare shovels. Weight 44 kilograms 97 pounds...

Maple Sugaring Equipment

Equipment for collecting and processing maple syrup is so very specialized that all the necessary implements can generally be obtained from the same source. For collecting, there are plugs, sap bags, collection tubs, and buckets. Evaporators and skimmers are used for processing, and for the small commercial venture, there is a need for molds, cans, bottles, and filters. Instead of itemizing the tools and accessories available from the different companies, we recommend you send for their fully...

An Introduction To Aquaculture

The best argument for aquaculture is based on the ever-increasing need for protein foods. Fish and aquatic invertebrates are efficient food i converters, capable ot producing more protein per unit area from the same amount of food than their warm-blooded counterparts. The quality of protein is the highest available from animals and is the lowest in fat content. The farm pond is usually stocked with large-mouth bass and bluegills, and is designed to provide sport fishing with food as a fringe...

Sources Of Electric Mills

The All-Grain has a turbine-cooled air mechanism. The silicon carbide stones are placed horizontally inside a metal housing. There is a five-year unconditional guarantee on the mill, your choice of a 1 3, i 2, or h.p. motor, and the stones. See photo on page 337. All-Grain Distributing Co. 3333 South 900 East Salt Lake City, UT 84106 This firm offers either fully adjustable grind or fine grinding mills. An automatic mechanism feeds the aluminum oxide grinding stones. The polyethylene hopper...

Hand Mowing Few Have The Skill To Swing A Scytheproperly

Elwin Smith

Story by Steve Taylor, Photos by Bob LaPree El will Smith, herdsman on a large, East Washington dairy farm, gripped the handle of his scythe and at the starter's command went forth to mow the prescribed 50-ioot course. Judges hovered around, measuring the swath he lay down in the lush green grass and clover. When a half-dozen others had had their turn and the points and times were added up, Smith had won the Golden Scythe Award, symbolic of supremacy in the art of hand mowing in Sullivan County...

Chopping Silage By Hand

One way of providing succulent animal feed throughout the year is to cut or chop grass, hay, straw, root crops, or forage crops into small pieces and convert the material into silage. Stored in a silo, anaerobic acid fermentation converts green fodder into succulent feed, a form in which it can be stored through the year. For small acreages where only one or two animals are to be fed, a simple method of hand chopping can be used to prepare green fodder for storage. All you need are a butcher's...

Farming With Horses

A team of horses, living olf the hay and grain it helps to produce, is an embodiment of the life of the farm which, under good care, is perpetually self-renewing. A team is therefore not only a much cheaper source of power than a tractor, but it is also a source that in the long run will be much more dependable. And whereas thv. wastes from a tractor's engine only pollute the air, a horse's bodily wastes will enrich the ground from which he feeds, thus significantly reducing the farmer's...

Magnatrat

To date, Magnatrac is the only smalt-scale full-track crawler we have seen. The enclosed and protected tracking system with side panels and center idler wheels features No. A550 chain welded to 10-gauge interlocking steel shoes with over 10,000 pounds of ultimate track strength, and dual track tension springs for approximately 5,000 pounds of tension maintained on each track. The all-gear transmission with four forward and one reverse speed shifts like an automobile. It is powered by a 16 h.p.,...

Sorghum And Sugarcane Presses

Pressing the juice from nonwoody plants like sorghum and sugarcane requires only simple tools and yields, a sweet extract wtiich can be processed for use as table sugar. The most common technique for pressing sorghum and sugarcane involves passing the stalk between two rollers, similar- to the rollers on an old wringer washing machine. The weaker units require passing the stalk through a number of times, or splitting or pounding the material with a hammer before pressing. If you're interested...

Michanical Corn Harvesters

Homesteaders

Corn Binder Rarely used anymore, a corn binder could still be handy on a homestead if one could be found in running order. Just as with grain, the binder cuts the stalks of corn with a small reciprocating sickle bar, then bunches and binds the stalks into bundles with an automatic tier. Binders were made for use with both horses and tractors, and some were powered by the tractor's power take-off. Corn Picker The commonly accepted colloquial name for the machine that replaced binders and the old...

North American Sources Of Related Equipment

Glen-Bel Enterprises Rt. 5, Box 390 Crossville, TN 38555 Southwest Wagon amp Wheel Works Box 738 Buffalo Forges 465 Broadway Buffalo, NY 14204 Champion Farrier Tools Champion Blower amp Forge, Inc. 100 W. Central Ave. Roselle.IL 60172 Diamond Farrier Tools amp Horseshoes Box 6246 Enderes Tool Co. P.O. Box 691 Albert Lea, MN 56007 Blacksmith's tongs Fisher and Norm 301 Monmouth Trenton, Nj 08609 Anvils Glen-Bel Enterprises Rt. 5, Box 390 Crossville, TN 38555 Newcomerstown, OH 43832 Farrier's...

To Look For In An

Homesteaders

This varies from a pound and a half on some Hudson Bay or Tomahawk models to over six pounds. Traditional wisdom suggests that the heavier the head, the more effective the axe. There's more weight behind the cutting edge, so gravity can help it on its way. The theory proves oik when felting trees, splitting wood, or chopping lof s so they'll fit your fireplace. Too light an axe can make you feel ineffective. But that heavy head can also be a hindrance when you're limbing trees,...

Maize Sheller For Every Household

Dept. of Mtthiinic.il Engineering, University of Nairobi, Keny i One type of hand sheller currently sold in parts of Africa is made from a metal tube, with internal ribs set in the direction of the cylinder axis. The sheller is held in one hand while the other hand pushes the maize cob tnt-j the tube with a twisting action. The internal ribs strip the kernels from the cobs, and the kernels fail out the bottom of the tube. This sheller, which is now being made from an aluminum...

International sources of combine harvesters

To thresh grain in a traditional fashion, men and women swing sheaves over their shoulders and beat them down into a tub, or they have buffaloes and oxen tread on them. These methods result in significant grain losses due to shredding, incomplete threshing, and a high incidence of grain damage. The people at CeCoCo explain that the need for a simple and efficient rice combine is essential. The shortage of labor has made it difficult to reap sufficiently fast, creating a bottleneck at harvest...

Chain saw manufacturers

Advanced Engine Products Savage amp Forester Chain Saws 3540 Emery St. Los Angeles, CA 90023 Alpina S.P.A. Mr. H. J. Hutchinson Box 313 Danarm Chain Saws Yankee Clipper Trading Post 2405 Boston Post Rd. Guilford, CT 06437 Dolmar North American 947 W. Foothill Blvd. Monrovia, CA 91016 Echo Chain Saws 3240 Commercial Ave. Northbrook, IL 60062 Homelite Division of Textron, Inc. P.O. Box 7047 Charlotte, NC 28217 Jobu Chain Saws Elkem-Spigerverket a s 1441 Drobak Norway Jonsereds Chain Saws Tilton...

Bouyer Moiotracteur MT80

Brinly Sleeve Hitch Point Adapter

The MT-80 is a front-, two-wheel drive unit with articulated steering, The rear axle with seat mounting, the tropicultor, is separable from the main power unit. The front unit is 3ouyet hi s SO wtifi tnsin power unit, tropicultor, and moldboard plow on a mechanical lift. Bouyer powered with either an 8 or 10 h.p., air-cooled engine with special equipment for operating in tropical climates. The two-belt transmission operates a high and low range for two forward and one reverse speed. It is not...

Shredders

Www Home Made Hammermill Rotor

Today's shredder-grinders are better than they've ever been thanks largely to 20 years of organic gardening experience contributed and shared by a multitude of backyard growers. They're also more available in greater variety some larger and more powerful, and some more compact but all are designed to do a specific gardening job better. The type of shredder you buy should depend on the kind of gardening operation you run, the size of your place, and the kind of organic materials you're going to...

North American Sources Of potato harvesters

Homesteaders

One-row, two-row, and wide-row, tractor-mounted, sweet potato diggers are available from this company. Mounted from a three-point hydraulic lift system, the depth is easily adjusted from the operator's seat. No additional supporting or gauge wheels are necessary. The one-row harvester can be pulled by a 25 h.p. tractor. A 26-inch wide digging shovel and shaker chain are used to insure lifting and cleaning of all potatoes in the ro'v. i harvesters for grading by hand labor are also available....

International Sources Of Grain And Seed Cleaners

Bean Separator Designs

Plans for this pea and bean sheller are available from the Department of Agricultural Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853. Ask for Agricultural Engineering Extension Bulletin No. 412. cleaning grain samples received from plot combines and threshers. As these samples often contain 60 to 70 percent chaff and straw, an air aspirator is used to remove this material first. The semicleaned sample then passes over a double sieve-cleaning riddle. Capacity is 25 samples per hour, based on...

International sources of transplanters

Tractor Drawn Onion Transplanter

Animal-Drawn Rice Transplanter Platform Plan This transplanter consists of a wooden platform pulled by a buffalo or a pair of bullocks over the mud of the paddy field when it's ready for transplanting. Four workers are seated cross-legged on the platform, holding the seedlings in their laps. Special recesses are provided on the platform for extra seedlings. Under the platform are attached eight wooden markers, and each worker transplants two of the rows marked in the mud. The workers do hot...

The Lincolnshire Longhorn

This tool was invented and developed in Lincolnshire, England, 300 to 400 years ago. The pilgrim fathers may have used a hoe like this around Boston, U.K., before they sailed to America, suggests a manufacturer, David Tonge. Still used in Lincolnshire for larger gardens, small fields, odd corners, and headlands, it was originally used as a tool to fill the gap between the ordinary hand hoe and horse-drawn cultivators. To use it, you stand in between the handles and push the hoe backward and...

North American Sources Of Binders

Homesteaders

Developed to harvest single rows of standing or lodged cereal plots for research purposes, this harvester is a compact, two-wheeled machine designed specifically for plot harvesting, with proper balance and convenient controls. Lodged crops are picked up by a pair of oblique-head finger bar assemblies mounted at 30 degrees at the front of the machine. As the straw is straightened by the dividers, it is gripped by elevating belts, cut 6 inches above the ground, and elevated to i hopper large...

Some Specialized Equipment For Composting Manure

Brown Bear Composting Machines

Editor's note Dennis Demrael of the Small Farm Energy Project in Harrington, Nebraska has supplied much of the information used in this report. Nebraska is a state that can be said to be blessed or plagued with a variety of organic wastes. Its large communities are burdened with paunch manure from slaughterhouses as well as sewage sludge and garbage. Huge piles of dry manure in feedlots or other animal confinement facilities can mean serious dust and odor problems. In a report in Farm, Ranch,...

International Sources Of Power Corn Shellers

Corn Silage Shredder

This ore-hole, spring-type sheller can be operated by hand, yielding 100 to 200 kilograms per hour, or by a 1 h.p. motor supplied with a belt pulley, yielding 200 to 300 kilograms per Cossul Hand and Power Maize Sheller Cossul it Co. Cossul Hand and Power Maize Sheller Cossul it Co. hour. The unit is of all-steel construction, weighs 94 grains. gt nd has a built-in cleaning fan. Cossu amp Co. Pvt l.td. Industrial Area, Fazalguuj Ranpur, India Operated by hand, this shelter yields 100 to 150...

Tapping Sweet Sorghum

Hand Roller Laundry Squeezer

The tedious, old-fashioned production of sorghum syrup is rather like an old soldier it keeps fading away but never dies. In fact, sweet sorghum may be making a comeback. Gardeners and homesteaders know it provides a. tasty substitute for store-bought sweeteners. They also think that sorghum may be a practical cash crop they can grow for a sideline income without loo much competition from big commercial farmers, since harvesting is still a process done pretty much by hand. Now that the IJSDA at...

North American Sources Of Fourwheel Tractors

Farm Implement Images

International Harvester has been making the Cub for over 25 years. It started out as an all-purpose farm tractor but has since gained popularity as a versatile implement for commercial situations warehouses, loading docks, nurseries, and small airports. It has a 15 h.p., four-cylinder engine and hydraulic power for Iront-, rear-, and center-mounted implements. The offset front motor mounting improves visibility for front- and center-mounted work. The one-point fast hitch acts as a swinging...

The Efhcient Use Of Animal Power

Strip Disking

Editor's note This material is excerpted from a paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, December 27, 1921, and published in the February 1922 issue of Agricultural Engineering. The information is still valid For small farmers today. It has been found possible to drive teams 20 miles per day in a ten-hour day on various farm implements and to maintain this rate week after week. This allows two hours for driving to and from fields, hitching and...

North American Sources Of Searmounted Tillers

Amerind Mackissic Mighty Mac

The Troy-Bilt is a popular garden tiller, with several choices of model and horsepower. Attachments are available. Two forward and two reverse speeds are provided by the chainleas, power train transmission with worm gear. Depth of tilling can be regulated to seven different levels while the machine is in motion, and the handles are adjustable as well. Attachments include a furrower for trench composting and a snowplow. Garden Way Mfg. Co., Inc. 102nd St. amp Ninth Ave. Troy, NY 12180 Mainline...