International sources of combine harvesters

CeCoCo Midget Combine

To thresh grain in a traditional fashion, men and women swing sheaves over their shoulders and beat them down into a tub, or they have buffaloes and oxen tread on them. These methods result in significant grain losses due to shredding, incomplete threshing, and a high incidence of grain damage.

The people at CeCoCo explain that "the need for a simple and efficient rice combine is essential. The shortage of labor has made it difficult to reap sufficiently fast, creating a bottleneck at harvest time. Furthermore, the loss and damage incurred by the traditions! methods of harvesting and threshing could not be afforded in view of the rapidly increasing population and its inherent food problem."

To solve this problem, they have developed the CeCoCo Midget Combine. Their 6 to 9 h.p. unit with six forward and two reverse speeds is claimed to reap and thresh approximately 1 acre of rice, wheat, or barley per 8-hour day, utilizing an air current design. This is one modern machine which helps to improve the soil organically, since straw is left in the field to rot into humus.

CeCoCo

P.O. Box 8, Ibaraki City Osaka Pref. 567, Japan fseki

Iseki manufactures two combine harvesters. Model HD660R has a 9 to 12 h.p„ air-cooled, four-cycle gasoline engine and it is capable of covering 1.5 to 2.5 acres per 8-hour day. The harvesting mechanism employs a reciprocating mower for cutting and a Japanese type of thesher. It discharges the hay at intervals in fixed quantities to facilitate pickup. Their larger model, the Cosechadora HD 2000, has a 25 h.p., water-cooled engine which will harvest from 4 to 6 acres in an 8-hour day.

Iseki Agricultural Machinery Mfg. Co., Ltd. 1-3, Nihonbashi 2-chome, Chuo-ku Tokyo 103, Japan

The Wintersteiger Kultraplant with a corn header. Walter & Wimersteiger

The Wintersteiger Kultraplant with a corn header. Walter & Wimersteiger

The Kultraplant Pam 1-iO-S

A self-propelled combine with a 63-inch cut, the Kukraptam is specialty designed for small seed plots. The table, reel, and cylinder are comparable to a conventional combine, but seed is separated by air currents. The unit is powered by a Volkswagen engine and has three speeds forward and one reverse with a device to vary the speed in each gear. Cleanup time is claimed to be I minute. A 180-degree turn can be made in a pathway 20 feet wide, and the wheel tread is inside the width of the cut.

F. Walter S: H. Wintersteiger K.U A-4910 Ried im Innkreis Dimmelstrasse, Austria

The Wintersteiger KuttraptarU with a bean header, Walter & Wintersteiger

The Wintersteiger KuttraptarU with a bean header, Walter & Wintersteiger

Homesteaders
Hege Combine Agriculture Canada

Hege 125

According to Agriculture Canada, the German Hege 125 differs from the Pam 150 in that it has straw walkers and a short cleaning sieve. A wide rubber belt is used to convey cut material to the cylinder; it does not have a reel. There are viewing doors to the screens and straw walkers. An overcapacity fan is used to blow the separating area clean at the end of each plot.

The cutting width is 49 inches, the total length is 12.8 feet and total width, 51 inches. This combine is also powered by a Volkswagen engine with a combined iour-speed transmission and variable-speed drive. It is possible to cut a plot 39.7 inches wide and 32.8 feet long in 1 minute, including the time to clean the machine. Models are being used at Oregon State and North Dakota State Universities in the United States.

Hans-Ulrich Hege Saatzuchtmasdtinen 7112 Domäne Hohebuch Waldenburg/Wiirtt. Germany

United States Parts outlet:

HfcN Equipment» Inc. Col wich, KS 67030

Game Plot Combine

The Garvie Plot Combine, developed by the National Institute of Agricultural Engineering in Great Britain, employs a canvas to convey the cut material to a rasp bar cylinder with a grate-type concave. Threshed grain falls through the concave to a conveyer belt which carries it to a grain pan. Straw is thrown into a collection bin and then removed by band. The straw must be shaken when removing it to shake out any grain still in the straw. A special cleaner has been developed to further clean the sample.

The cylinder is direct-driven from a 7 h.p. engine. Wheel drive is by fixed displacement, double-volume, hydrostatic transmission to a »ingle rear wheel, giving speeds of I or 3 mph in forward and reverse.

The total width of the machine is 4 feet 10 inches and the overall length, not including the reel, is 12 feet 3 inches. The driver sits at the side of the machine. Capacity is about 20 four-row, 10-foot plots per hour.

R.G. Garvie & Sons 2, Canal Rd. Aberdeen, Scotland

Stationary Combines

Two makes of small European combines with 7-foot tables are available fitted with a large air compressor and nozzles located at strategic positions to make the combine self-cleaning. Also, extra rubber parts are fitted to the elevator flights.

Bolinder Mumktell Eskilstuna, Sweden

W. Rosenlew & Co. A.B. Engineering Works Pori, Finland

Suzue Combine

Another combine to accommodate the average 3-acre Japanese farm is mounted on a walking tractor chassis and is available with wheels or tracks. The combine is unconventional in that air currents are used for the reel and for separation after threshing. Heads are cut off by contra-rotating rotary cutters at the front. Two threshing drums thresh the cut crop and deliver the material to the airstream in the cleaning section; the chaff and short straw is thrown out by a blower. The cleaned grain is then fed through an auger to a blower which blows it into a sack. The remaining stubble is cut into 5- to 6-inch pieces by circular cutters at the rear of the machine. A capacity of 1 acre per day is claimed. The combine is powered by a 9 h.p. kerosene engine and has a six-speed gearbox with a unique locking axle that gives good traction and maneuverability.

Suzue Agricultural Machinery Co., Ltd. 144-2, Gomen-cho, Nankoku-Shi Kochi-ken 783, Japan

Sold by:

Nissho Canada, Ltd. 100 University Ave. Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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